Mayor urges Government to reverse cuts to help tackle knife crime
- Mayor launches new, tough and comprehensive Knife Crime Strategy, with an additional £625,000 for knife and gang crime projects, taking total spending to £7million
- Measures include empowering communities with funds to do more to protect young people and spread the message that carrying a knife is more likely to ruin your life than to save it
- More prevention and police work to crack down on offenders and get dangerous weapons off our streets
The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, today called on the Government to reverse cuts to youth services as he launched a full package of measures to help beat the continued problem of rising knife crime in the capital.
The Government has cut almost £400m from youth service spending across the country between 2010- 20161. Since 2011, the capital has lost £22million in youth funding as a result of Government cuts to councils. More than 30 youth centres have been closed and at least 12,700 places for young people have been lost2 at a time when knife crime is rising. These services are vital in protecting vulnerable children and young adults, and offering them a way out of crime.
Between 2014 and 2015, knife crime in London rose by five per cent. In 2016 knife crime across England and Wales rose by 14 per cent, compared to 11 per cent in London. Around six in 10 young male victims of knife crime were from BAME backgrounds and almost half are of black ethnicity.
Sadiq Khan made the call as he announced a hard-hitting package of measures in a tough and comprehensive new approach to tackling the problem of knife crime in the capital. The Strategy is backed by a further investment of £625,000 by the Mayor, taking the total spending by the Mayor’s Office for Policing and Crime on knife and gang crime projects to more than £7million.
Twenty four young Londoners under the age of 253 have been fatally stabbed on London’s streets so far this year. Dozens of families have been bereaved; many more have seen their loved ones severely injured. Sadiq Khan is clear - this simply has to stop.
The Mayor’s new Knife Crime Strategy has been drawn up in collaboration with many organisations, groups, communities and individuals with expertise and passion to help solve this problem.
The wider package of measures in the Knife Crime Strategy includes:
- A specialist team of 80 Met police officers who will support the Met to carry out more Operation Sceptre weeks of action to target knife-crime hotspots, including ‘super recognisers’ to aid in the identification of key offenders.
- Developing a new, targeted community sentence requirement for those convicted of knife possession, which can be used on top of jail time and traditional sentencing where appropriate. This will be developed with the London Community Rehabilitation Company (CRC), National Probation Service (NPS), courts and others.
- Support for Met officers to use more targeted, intelligence-led stop and search, with a call for London’s communities to help provide the intelligence needed. When incidents of knife crime increase, people should expect the use of stop and search to increase. Seventy-four per cent of Londoners, and 58 per cent of young people said they support the use of stop and search to tackle knife crime in a recent survey4, but they said how the stopping and searching takes place is critical.
- To help ensure stop and search is used in the best possible way, the Mayor is supporting the Met in rolling out judgement training for officers, to improve decision-making in the toughest situations. By the end of this year all frontline officers will be equipped with Body Worn Video cameras, which have been found to boost the confidence of both officers and members of the public, with more transparency and better evidence.
Offering ways out of crime
- Continuing and developing the work of the London Gang Exit Service to focus work on people involved in gangs who use weapons, including work to develop offenders’ skills to improve their employability and increase their access to job opportunities.
- Expanding the work of Project Chrysalis in prisons so that serious violence has the same consequences, such as increased sentences, as they would on the streets.
Keeping deadly weapons off our streets
- Extending the Met and Trading Standards’ use of test purchasing - a way of testing if knives are being sold to minors as well as whether they are being stored appropriately - to include online sales, holding online retailers to account for illegal sale of knives to children;
- ‘Naming and Shaming’ those retailers who continue to refuse training provisions and repeatedly are identified by the police and trading standards as selling illegally to underage customers;
Protecting and educating young people
- Providing special educational ‘toolkits’ and metal detecting knife wands to London schools in areas where knife crime is most prevalent, and ensuring every school has a nominated Safer Schools Officer.
- Extending the City Safe Havens scheme to TfL and the top 20 fast food outlets in London, with Mc Donald’s, Kentucky Fried Chicken already on board to offer a place of safety to anyone under attack.
Standing with communities, neighbourhoods and families against knife crime
- Empowering communities with £250,000 seed funding and targeted ‘toolkits’ for grass-roots activities led by young people and community groups to help protect, nurture and skill-up London’s children and young people.
- A £200,000 media campaign to be launched in the autumn, including toolkits for schools and community groups, and work with media giants including Google to address online videos which glorify knife crime.
Supporting victims of knife crime
- £2m to increase support for young victims of crime - including knife crime - and their families.
- Expanding the work of RedThread, where specialist youth workers work with victims of knife crime at the crucial ‘teachable moment’ at London’s major trauma centres, to more key A&E departments.
The Mayor and Met Commissioner Cressida Dick today visited the Dwaynamics Boxing Club in Brixton which is run by Pastor and Minister Lorraine Jones, whose son Dwayne Simpson was tragically stabbed to death in 2014. Her work in his name is helping to transform the lives of young people on the Angell Town estate.
Sadiq Khan said: “Every death on the streets of London is an utter tragedy, and I am deeply concerned about the rise in knife crime on London’s streets. Dozens of families have been bereaved; many more have seen their loved ones severely injured. We need to send a strong signal that carrying and using knives is totally and utterly unacceptable. And we need to do more to educate young people around the dangers of carrying knives if we are to cut injuries and deaths.
“My new strategy brings together many organisations, groups, communities and individuals and their expertise and passion to help solve this problem. Because we’ve got to work together - with families, communities and young people. This cannot, and must not, be left just to the police to tackle – only by all agencies across London working together can we root out the scourge of knife crime.
"Young Londoners have lost tens of millions of pounds in funding for youth services since 2011 and this simply has to stop. The only way we can truly beat the scourge of knife crime on our streets is by properly funding youth services – the Government needs to step up, reverse these cuts and help provide the services we need to tackle knife crime.
“No young Londoner should have to accept crime and violence as a way of life. That is what initiatives like Dwaynamics are all about - they are absolutely vital in the fight against knife crime, helping to protect vulnerable children and young adults, and lead them away from a life of crime.
“To support more of this good work I am announcing funding for grass-roots activities to help protect and nurture children and bear down on crime.
“We must not and we will not give up on our young people. We are working to provide them with the skills, the resources and the confidence they need to turn away from knives and lead the life they deserve in our city.”
Met Commissioner Cressida Dick said: “Despite everything that has been happening in London in recent weeks – knife crime remains a top priority for me and the Met.
"The reason for this is simple – far too many people are carrying knives, too many are committing crimes with those knives and too many are getting injured or killed.
But we absolutely cannot deal with this problem though enforcement alone. We need to change attitudes and behaviours and for that to happen we need partners and communities to join the fray. In short; we need everyone to step up and do their bit.
"Together we can and must address the reasons people are carrying knives, we can and must dispel the myth that a knife will make you safer.”
Pastor Lorraine Jones said: “I know first-hand the devastating impact knife crime has on a community and a family.
“I’m proud that we have been able to continue my son’s legacy at Dwaynamics – this club has helped hundreds of young people to build their skills, confidence and life opportunities and without this kind of service, many of them may have ended up leading a life of crime or even worse, they could have lost their lives.
“I welcome the Mayor’s hard-hitting measures to tackle knife crime today – it is incredibly important that everyone works together to stamp knife crime out of our city once and for all.”
Notes to editors
1The Government has cut £387m from youth service spending across the country between 2010- 2016.
A future at risk - Cuts in youth services (Unison, 2016): https://www.unison.org.uk/content/uploads/2016/08/23996.pdf
2 London’s Lost Youth Services report (Sian Berry, 2017): https://www.london.gov.uk/about-us/london-assembly/assembly-members/publications-sian-berry/publication-sian-berry-londons
3Excluding domestic homicide. The figure including domestic homicide is 25 between 1 January and 18 June.
4 MOPAC’s Public Attitude Survey, commissioned specifically to help inform the Mayor’s upcoming Knife Crime Strategy
- The Mayor’s new Knife Crime Strategy is published here: www.london.gov.uk/knife-crime
- Dwaynamics is a boxing and fitness club started by the late Dwayne Simpson, who founded the club to address the lack of positive activities for young people in Angell Town Estate. Dwayne was tragically stabbed to death in February 2014 as he tried to protect a friend from being attacked. He was 20 years old. Dwayne’s mother, Pastor Lorraine Jones, has carried on Dwayne’s work, and is widely known for her work with young people in the Angell Town community.
- We have consulted and surveyed hundreds of people to inform the strategy. This has included community leaders, health, schools, community safety and criminal justice partners. We have had a particular focus on ensuring the strategy is informed by the ‘youth voice’, and as such we hosted specific events to target young people, including a youth roundtable event, held workshops with young offenders in ISIS prison, and those on community orders, in addition to a Big Talk event with young people in February. MOPAC also commissioned a survey of over 400 young people and young adults in four boroughs where knife crime is currently most prevalent (Southwark, Newham, Croydon and Lambeth). We’ve also used the findings from the 700 16-24 year olds who were surveyed in the Talk London survey in the development of the Police and Crime Plan.
- £625,000 of funding has been dedicated to the delivery of new Knife Crime Strategy Commitments in the first year, 2017/18. There is an additional £6,769,193 funding which is dedicated to existing commitments that are incorporated within the Knife Crime Strategy such as Gang Exit (£500,000), Major Trauma Centres (£444,615), Information Sharing to Tackle Violence (£168,000), Victim Support Children & Young people (£360,861), and youth projects under the London Crime Prevention Fund (£5,295,717).