MD1573 Further Education Capital – National College for Digital Skills

Type of decision: 
Mayoral decision
Code: 
MD1573
Date signed: 
23 November 2015
Decision by: 
Boris Johnson MP (past staff), Mayor of London

Executive summary

This report concerns a fast tracked application for funding from for the National College for Digital Skills from Round 2 of the Further Education Capital Investment Fund. Approval is sought for expenditure of up to £20.6m (comprising £7.165m GLA capital funds and a further £13.4m from the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS)) to be provided as a contribution to the College’ costs of delivering short term accommodation and land for longer term development of a new campus. It is anticipated that further capital funding could be committed to the project once the 2016/17 Growth Deal funding allocation is confirmed in early 2016.  This would be subject to a further Mayoral Decision.

 

Decision

That the Mayor approves:

1.    receipt and use of £13.4m from the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills as a contribution to the GLA’s costs of funding the National College for Digital Skills project; 

2.    capital expenditure of up to £20.565m (comprising £7.165m GLA FE Capital funding and  £13.4m to be made available to the GLA by BIS) as a contribution to the costs of the National College for Digital Skills project. 
 

Part 1: Non-confidential facts and advice

Introduction and background

1.1    London has been successful in securing £120m to deliver the Further Education (FE) Capital Investment Fund over the next two years as part of Growth Deal 1 and a further £38m for the period 2017/18 to 2020/21 as part of Growth Deal 2. £55m for 2015/16 is confirmed and has already been transferred, with the £65m funds for 2016/17 and future funds remaining indicative until further confirmation is provided by Government later this year.  This report makes recommendations relating to one fast-tracked Round 2 project. 
1.2    Prior to this, 14 Round 1 projects have been approved under cover of DD1168 and one fast tracked Round 2 project was approved under cover of DD1400.
1.3    At its meeting in March 2015, the London Enterprise Panel (LEP) gave in principle endorsement of the National College for Digital Skills’ (NCDS) expression of interest in respect of FE Capital funding. NCDS aligns with the FE Capital programme priorities of delivering capital investment in further education facilities which respond to industry needs and skills demands with a focus on higher level technical skills. NCDS is a new proposition which has been developed in line with the Department for Business, Innovation and Skill’s (BIS) National College programme. BIS have agreed the College’s business case and has considered its capital proposals. NCDS currently has no site and therefore the proposals include leasing temporary space and purchase of freehold to build a fit for purpose facility. The preferred location for the college has been identified as Tottenham Hale.
1.4    In June, NCDS requested to fast track their full application to bring this in line with the timeline for the bidding process of the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills’ (BIS) National College Capital Investment Fund from which the College is seeking £13.4m match. This was agreed by the internal officer LEP Delivery Board on 9th June. A full application relating to a total project investment of £37.6m (‘£37.6m Full Scale Proposal’) including £24.21m from the FE Capital Investment Fund was received in August and assessment of this has been undertaken over the last couple of months, with a view to seeking endorsements and approval to commit this expenditure dependent on the outcome of the Comprehensive Spending Review in late November. 
1.5    NCDS has indicated a delay in securing funding much beyond the end of October will jeopardise its plans to open in 2016, in advance of this operate an effective student recruitment campaign and enter into secure contracts for the acquisition of their preferred site. Following a number of discussions with BIS and NCDS it was agreed that NCDS would submit a proposal to BIS and the LEP/GLA for a capital scheme making use of the LEP’s available funds residual from the 2015/16 allocation making a total funding package of £20.6m with a view to being in a position to consider committing further funding to the project once the Growth Deal allocation is known. Further details on this are set out at section 4.4 below, including the option put forward by the FE Capital Steering Group to defer any decision on funding of the project now and allow a later decision to be taken which would enable September 2017 opening. 
1.6    GLA officers have held discussions with BIS with regards to the potential transfer of any BIS’s funding contribution to the GLA for the more efficient management of the total funding package. Further details are set out below.
 

Objectives and expected outcomes

2.1    NCDS was announced by Vince Cable, former Business Secretary, in December 2014 as one of the new wave of colleges focused on addressing strategically important skills shortages for the UK economy. NCDS will be the first new FE College in 23 years to help address the number one* skills shortage, digital skills (*As indicated by an independent assessment commissioned by NCDS). The three guiding objectives are that the College is:-
•    a centre of excellence for teaching and learning of higher digital skills;
•    an aspirational alternative to top-tier universities; and
•    a beacon of good practice for employment focused provision that other institutions can benefit from and learn from. 

2.2    Assuming NCDS is not able to raise any further funds from the LEP or other sources to scale up to the capital project, the following outputs and outcomes will be delivered with a funding package of £20.6m.
•    Refurbishment of 1,254m2 space in an existing building to provide short term accommodation for a September 2016 opening and for the first 3 years.
•    Acquisition of a site adjacent to the short term accommodation for new build of 3,840m2 state of the art facility.
•    Purchase of specialist equipment to support learning.
•    2,567 learners supported (over first 5 years).
•    700 apprenticeships starts (over first 5 years).
•    40 jobs created.
 

Equality comments

3.1    The FE Capital Investment Fund will support FE colleges and providers to invest in improving their estate that has poor accessibility.

3.2    Through the FE Capital programme and the selection of project proposals and development of these, the GLA requires applicants to evaluate the potential impacts with regard to protected characteristic groups.  In particular applicants are required to demonstrate inclusive design of new and refurbished FE estate funded through projects.

3.3    As a condition of funding agreements, projects awarded funding will be required to meet the Public Sector Equality Duty and demonstrate this through reporting of progress.

3.4    The LEP and the Authority are aware of their responsibilities under the Public Sector Equality Duty as set out in Section 149 of the Equality Act 2010 and will have regard to these requirements when apportioning Local Growth funding.

3.5    The GLA Equalities team have reviewed this project at the detailed application stage.
 

Other considerations

a)    Key Considerations

4.1    Should funding certainty for NCDS be delayed much beyond the end of October, this will have significant operational, risk and financial implications for its plans including:
•    risk to the funding package due to changes to the proposal leading to a possible need for BIS to make the funding available through a new open bidding process and potential misalignment of the project timeline with BIS’s funding availability window; and
•    risk of unmet growing skills demand in London for an additional year as indicated by the College in their application. 
•    NCDS’s indication that:
o    substantial industry support would be lost – relationships have been developed with high profile industry partners on the basis of a September 2016 opening;
o    the current property proposition in Tottenham Hale would be at high risk of collapse – the current site was identified as the preferred option after an 18 month search and supports short term accommodation of the College in an existing building whilst land is purchased for construction of a bespoke facility over the longer term. High level heads of terms are in place; 
o    the high quality operational team including the College Dean that have been recruited in order to support the September 2016 opening will need to be let go; and
o    pre start operational funding committed by industry partners on the basis of a 2016 opening would run out.

Option to allocate £7.165m to NCDS project to enable a September 2016 opening 

4.2    In consideration of the above officers received and assessed a proposal to commit £7.165m of residual FE Capital funds to the project now in order to secure the college’s viability. Together with confirmed BIS funding of £13.4m to the project, there will be a total funding package of £20.6m, which whilst representing a significant reduction in relation to the ‘£37.6m Full Scale Proposal’, will enable short term accommodation and land for longer term development of a campus to be secured, opening in September 2016 and retention of industry stakeholder support and the operational team. The College has indicated that this amount of funding (‘£20.6m Scaled Back Scenario’) is sufficient to allow the delivery of a college albeit significantly scaled back, in the event that further funding to deliver the preferred ‘£37.6m Full Scale Proposal’ is not available.
4.3    The LEP has an indicative allocation of £65m of FE Capital funding for 2016/17 as part of the Growth Deal. Currently there is sufficient headroom with the residual funds from the 2015/16 £55m allocation and the indicative 2016/17 £65m to fund all Round 2 projects where applications have been received and are undergoing assessment. Assuming the full allocation for 2016/17 is confirmed, the LEP would then be in a position to consider committing further funding to NCDS in order that the ‘£37.6m Full Scale Proposal’ can be delivered. In committing £7.165m to the project in the immediate term, alongside £13.4m from BIS, this ensures that both options of the ‘£37.6m Full Scale Project’ and the ‘£20.6m Scaled Back Scenario’ remain available to NCDS. The scaled back scenario, although not ideal, represents a viable operating base in the event that the full scale proposal is unable to proceed due to lack of funds provided post Comprehensive Spending Review. Further details relating to either scenario including the implications of the ‘£20.6m Scaled Back Scenario’ are set out in Part 2 of this Mayoral Decision.
Option to defer any decision on funding of the project

4.4    There are a number of key risks associated with opting to fund the project now and therefore, consideration has been given by officers, the FE Capital Steering Group, the LEP and by the Investment and Performance Board to the option of deferring any decision to fund now and allow a later decision to be taken to enable a September 2017 opening. These are set out below. It should be noted that the FE Capital Steering Group were supportive of deferring a decision to fund at this stage. The majority of feedback from LEP Members also supported deferment.

4.5    An independent assessment of the market demand case set out in NCDS’s application has been commissioned which suggests there is a risk of displacement of learners from  existing provision in particular a high risk of a displacement of higher level apprenticeships where demand is not considered to be so high. The report also indicates that the application data sources are out of date and that specific consideration has not been given to how the project will respond to specific gaps and the local catchment area. Whilst the report indicates that there are currently low levels of digital A levels being undertaken in London, NCDS make clear in their application the important role in generating the interest of learners which will increase demand for digital courses at a higher level. It should be taken into consideration however, that the report was produced in an extremely tight timeframe. Going forward, the findings of the report, as well as the concerns raised by the FE Capital Steering Group and the LEP will be discussed with NCDS and addressed through the development of the project.

4.6    The area review process for London, which is intended to facilitate a restructuring of the Further Education sector, is likely to commence in early 2016 and complete towards the end of the year. There is potential for recommendations to flow out of this review for college mergers, closures or efficiencies to be generated which result in existing estate becoming available. There may also be reputational risks associated with making a significant investment in brand new FE estate in advance of this process.

4.7    In the event that no further funding can be committed to the project following the Comprehensive Spending Review, this would likely mean that the proposed Whitechapel satellite campus cannot be delivered. Whilst the value for money of this element of the full scale proposal is still unclear because the monetary value of the benefits has not been fully demonstrated, the element of the proposal is considered to be important to NCDS’s success in supporting employer engagement. Without this satellite site the proposition is also less unique. Satellite sites will remain part of NCDS’s longer term plans and fundraising efforts will continue. Officers will work with NCDS to understand how they will ensure successful employer engagement in the short and medium term with only the Tottenham Hale site.

Transfer of BIS funding contribution to the GLA

4.8    Discussions have taken place with BIS and NCDS with regard to the transfer of the funding contribution expected to be made by BIS to the GLA to administer all project funding through one agreement. In the event that the Mayor wishes to proceed with the option to allocate funding to the project, a recommendation is therefore made to endorse expenditure of this funding.  There are two reasons that have been considered for doing this:
•    This will allow NCDS to report to one body and will streamline governance, reporting and monitoring processes. The GLA will have limited responsibilities for reporting the progress of the project to BIS, however no conditions will be placed on the GLA for spend and output related performance. 
•    BIS have indicated that this arrangement will provide flexibility in relation to some of the constraints of their National College capital programme for instance the spend profile, and is affordable within its approved budgets.

b) Key risks and Issues 

4.9    The LEP’s 2016/17 funding allocation is less than anticipated - should funds be less than expected, an additional allocation of funding to this project would need to be considered alongside other Round 2 applications. Once the funding allocation is known options for prioritisation will be considered including scaling of projects. An option for a scaled scheme some way between the ‘£30.7m Total Project’ and ‘£20.6m Current Fundable Option’ may need to be considered.

4.10    The scaled down ‘£20.6m Current Fundable Option’ is not deliverable – Sufficient information and detail relating to this scenario has not been available to enable full assessment therefore there is risk associated with the deliverability of this scenario. Further information on this is included in Part 2 of this Mayoral Decision. Should the recommendation be approved, officers will continue to work closely with NCDS to seek assurance as plans are progressed. This will include officer attendance at project meetings and regular monitoring.

4.11    The scaled down ‘£20.6m Current Fundable Option’ does not receive planning consent or the Tottenham Hale landowner pulls out due to the reduced size of new build – The College has support from Haringey Council for all scenarios who recognise the benefits the college would provide the area. The landowner may deem the reduced building not in keeping with plans for the rest of the site. NCDS’s plans for a reduced new build would seek to minimise the reduction in scale of build. The probability is also considered to be low as NCDS will pay the same amount for the freehold in either scenario.

4.12    Reputational risk should the scheme not proceed – there is significant reputational risk to the LEP, GLA and BIS should the scheme not proceed and NCDS’s private sector backing and financial support is lost

c) Links to Mayoral strategies and priorities 

4.13    The project will support the Mayor’s Economic Development Strategy objectives to
•    Give all Londoners the opportunity to take part in London’s economic success, access sustainable employment and progress in their careers and
•    Ensure that London has the most competitive business environment in the world.

4.14    The investment proposal will also deliver on commitments made in the LEP’s Growth Deal.
 

Financial comments

5.1     If the recommendation to allocate £7.165 million of FE capital grant funding is approved this would commit £20.6 million of grant funding in total for the national college which would be funded as follows: £7.165 million from the unallocated element of FE capital grant received in 2015-16 and £13.405 million from an anticipated additional grant to be paid by BIS. It is estimated that £1.75 million of expenditure would be required in 2015-16, including £0.5 million for the Tottenham Hale freehold, £0.6 million to progress the Tottenham Hale new build and £0.65 million towards the cost of refurbishing Berol House. The estimated spend in future years is as follows: £8.9 million in 2016-17; £6.9 million in 2017-18; and £3.0 million in 2018-19. This commitment would be conditional on confirmation of the additional £13.405 million BIS grant.

5.2    Although the College has made a case for funding (including this reduced scenario) based on market demand there are financial risks funding a start-up new institution. However, it has carried out sensitivity analysis which shows that it would have sufficient cash to finance operations even if student numbers were only 70 per cent of the number anticipated, although this needs to be considered in light of the risk highlighted by the independent assessment of market demand. The College has also been successful in raising sufficient funds from both BIS and business to this stage of its development, but its projections do rely on an on-going annual revenue fundraising requirement of c£0.5 million. As a new institution it has also not been able to build up any funding reserves so would need to manage the project within the grant funding available and would only be able to finance any capital overspend risks that materialise from the project contingency.

5.3    The recommendation to progress the reduced scheme, pending confirmation of the post-CSR 2016-17 FE Capital grant funding, excludes funding for a Whitechapel campus amongst other things. However, the College’s own appraisal indicated that in purely monetary terms the addition of the Whitechapel campus build could not demonstrate value for money and its inclusion would rely solely on non-monetary considerations. This issue would need to be considered in more detail should sufficient 2016-17 grant funding be confirmed to progress the full scheme. 

 

Planned delivery approach and next steps

Activity

Timeline

IPB approval sought

30th October

Mayoral Decision sought

Mid-November

Enter Agreement

Late November

College purchases land, agrees lease and commences refurbishment of short term accommodation

Late November

LEP’s 2016/17 funding allocation confirmed

December / January

Recommendations to Steering Group / LEP to commit further funding to the project

February 2016

Refurbishment of existing building for short term accommodation

Feb - Aug 2016

College opens

September 2016

New build construction

Jan – Aug 2018

College opens in new building

September 2018