Mayor calls on Ofcom to address lack of diversity in broadcasting
The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, has called on broadcasting regulator Ofcom to adopt new measures to improve the current lack of diversity in the UK’s broadcasting industry.
Chief Executive of Ofcom Sharon White has recently criticised British broadcasters for a “woeful” lack of diversity among their staff and specifically singled out the BBC for failing to lead the way on this issue.
The Mayor agrees with Ofcom’s assessment that a lack of diversity in broadcasting is creating a “cultural disconnect” between programme-makers and viewers.
He has joined forces with actor and comedian Sir Lenny Henry to call on the regulator to provide more robust scrutiny of Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) diversity in the sector.
In a letter to Sharon White, Sadiq sets out three proposals to improve BAME diversity in the industry:
1. Creating an industry-wide definition of a diverse ‘BAME production’
Currently, the BBC, Sky TV, Channel 4 and the BFI all have different definitions of what they consider to be a diverse production, which can lead to confusion. At times, the definitions used are so broad that they can be met without a single person of colour employed either on or off-screen. To resolve this, the Mayor agrees with Sir Lenny Henry’s proposal for one single, industry-wide definition – which should be reached in consultation with broadcasters. Sir Lenny’s proposal would involve a production being required to meet two of the three criteria:
* At least 50 per cent of the production staff measured against cost must be BAME
* At least 50 per cent of on-screen talent measured against cost must be BAME
* At least 30 per cent of senior personnel working on the production must be BAME
2. Ring-fence funds for diversity programmes
Ring-fencing money for BAME production has become more important in recent years, particularly in London, partly due to an unintended consequence of promoting regional diversity. Ring-fencing funds to promote regional diversity away from London increases production in areas that have significantly lower BAME populations. BAME people represent 10 per cent of the UK workforce and 35 per cent of the capital’s workforce*. As a result, ring-fencing funds for regions outside London without also ring-fencing funds for BAME productions diverts budgets, resources and employment opportunities away from areas where the BAME workforce is high to areas where it is much lower.
To counterbalance this, the Mayor is calling on Ofcom to retain the regional quotas, but add a new category for BAME programmes and productions. In this way, Ofcom can provide clear guidance for broadcasters that promotes both regional and BAME diversity.
The proposal to ring-fence funds for BAME productions has cross-party support and is endorsed by many leading industry figures including Sir Lenny Henry, Idris Elba OBE, Meera Syal CBE and Emma Thompson.
3. Setting clear job targets for broadcasters both on and off-screen
The Mayor believes that measuring progress is essential for improving BAME diversity across the broadcast industry, so that progress can be properly monitored. He is calling on Ofcom to adopt a more robust approach to setting targets for BAME representation and to require broadcasters to provide more consistent and accurate statistics.
Currently, the statistics provided on BAME employment are inconsistent and, at times, misleading. They sometimes merge those working in financial and commercial departments or in overseas departments with those working in the creative or production, thereby distorting BAME representation. The statistics also give little detail on BAME representation at a senior level so the Mayor is proposing that Ofcom set BAME employment targets for broadcasters for both on and off-screen positions.
The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, said: “The creative industries are at the heart of London’s culture and economy and put the UK in a leading position on the global stage. The world looks to the UK as a beacon of diversity and so it’s vitally important that the work of our broadcasting industry truly reflects the lives and realities of our entire population.
“More importantly, Ofcom should hold broadcasters to account and ensure that BAME people are properly reflected both on and off-screen through jobs in production and by taking up senior editorial and commissioning positions within the industry.
“This year marks the 30th anniversary of Black History Month in the UK. BAME communities contribute so much to the life and soul of London and the whole of the UK. It’s time our broadcasters step up to the plate and redouble their efforts to be properly representative of the UK population as a whole.”
Actor and Comedian Sir Lenny Henry, said: “The Mayor of London’s words are timely; we live in a world where matters of race and ethnicity are down played in order to fulfil the more abstract ‘creative diversity’.”
“We all know that ‘if you can’t see, you can’t be’ - Mr Khan’s words are a direct plea to Ofcom to put pressure on broadcasters to represent minorities both on screen and behind the camera. Only then will our UK TV and Film industries be truly representational.”
The creative industries, including broadcasting, are a major employer in the capital, providing one in six jobs and generating £42bn for London’s economy.
The Mayor has made reducing inequality a key priority for his Mayoralty and appointed Matthew Ryder as Deputy Mayor for Social Integration, Social Mobility and Community Engagement to drive forward a programme of activity which aims to reduce inequality in the capital and to help Londoners lead truly interconnected lives.
As well as supporting Sir Lenny Henry’s campaign to improve BAME diversity in broadcasting, the Mayor supports Film London, which works to ensure the city’s screen industries are as diverse as the city itself. To this end, the agency’s short film scheme ‘London Calling’ ring-fences funding for BAME-led filmmaking teams, while Film London’s feature film initiative, ‘Microwave’, has a commitment to ensuring 50 percent of teams longlisted for the scheme have a BAME writer, producer or director.
Sadiq has also recently published his Vision for a Diverse and Inclusive City for consultation, the results of which will inform the development of the Mayor’s new Diversity and Inclusion strategy, due to be published in the New Year. This strategy will ensure that the GLA promotes equality for groups protected by the Equality Act, as well as other groups that face disadvantage.
Notes to editors
The full text of the letter is as follows:
As Mayor of London, I am writing to express my particular concerns over BAME diversity in the broadcasting industry and its impact on London’s economy and culture.
By way of introduction, I fully agree with your recent comments (Guardian 14 September 2017) that broadcasters are making ‘woeful progress’ in representing the diversity of our society, including the representation of people from BAME backgrounds. As you made clear, this ‘shocking’ failure creates a ‘cultural disconnect’ between programme makers and viewers. This will only change if Ofcom put in place clear requirements that broadcasters must meet.
I am aware that you have recently completed a consultation on holding the BBC to account, which will include consideration of diversity issues. Rather than focus only on that consultation or the BBC, the points set out in my letter below relate to Ofcom’s remit to regulate the broadcasting industry as a whole.
Whilst this is a significant issue for the whole of the UK, it has particular importance for the capital. The creative industries, including broadcasting, are a major employer generating £42billion a year and providing 1 in 6 jobs in London. Whilst BAME people make up 40.3% of London’s population, the community is underrepresented in the creative sector. We need to do much more to ensure that talented Londoners from all backgrounds are able to access employment in this industry.
There are three specific proposals that I outline below for Ofcom’s consideration. These proposals will have already been raised with you by leading figures within the broadcasting industry and have widespread support. Whilst all three proposals are important in their own right, they are complementary and I ask that they be considered together for them to be effective.
1. Creating an industry wide definition of a ‘diverse BAME production’
In order to regulate diversity of the broadcasting industry successfully, Ofcom must have a clear definition of what constitutes a ‘diverse BAME production’. The BBC, Sky TV, Channel 4 and the BFI all have different definition, which at times are so broad that they can be met without employing a single person of colour either on or off-screen.
Sir Lenny Henry has sought to solve this issue by proposing a definition that involves a production, meeting two of three criteria. In summary:
(1) at least 50% of the production staff measured against cost must be BAME;
(2) at least 50% of on-screen talent measured against cost must be BAME;
(3) at least 30% of senior personnel must be BAME.
His proposal sets out those criteria in detail and, in my view, presents a clear and helpful definition that should be adopted in consultation with broadcasters.
Could you please outline where Ofcom stands on the need for a clear definition of what constitutes a ‘diverse BAME production’, and what steps Ofcom is taking to create this?
2. Ring-fence funds for diversity programmes
Ring-fencing funds for production and programming has proven a successful method of widening access to the broadcasting industry across the regions and nations. Building on this success, I am writing to ask that Ofcom consider expanding this approach with the aim of improving BAME diversity.
The proposal to ring-fence funds for BAME productions has cross-party support. It is endorsed by a number of leading industry figures including Sir Lenny Henry, Idris Elba OBE, Meera Syal CBE and Emma Thompson.
Ring-fencing funds for BAME production has become more important in recent years, particularly in London, partly because of an unintended consequence of promoting regional diversity. This has increased production in areas that have significantly lower BAME populations. BAME people represent 10% of the UK workforce and 35% of London’s workforce. As a result, ring-fencing funds for regions outside of London without also ring-fencing funds for BAME productions diverts budgets, resources and employment opportunities away from areas where the BAME workforce is higher to areas where it is much lower. This disproportionately impacts BAME opportunities and employment in the broadcasting industry.
Whilst I strongly support regional diversity, in order to prevent the unintended and adverse effects on BAME populations this can bring, Ofcom has the option to retain the regional quotas but add to them a new ring-fenced category for BAME programmes and productions. This could provide an excellent opportunity for clear guidance for broadcasters that promotes regional diversity while also ensuring BAME diversity in the broadcasting industry.
Please can you clarify Ofcom’s position on adding a new ring-fenced category for BAME programmes and productions to existing regional quotas?
3. Setting clear job targets for broadcasters - both on and off-screen
Measuring progress is essential for improving BAME diversity across the broadcast industry, but without clear targets, progress cannot be properly assessed and tracked. Ofcom is in a position to significantly improve this process by requiring broadcasters to provide more consistent and accurate statistics.
Currently, statistics published by broadcasters on BAME employment in the broadcasting industry are inconsistent and, at times, misleading. They often merge those working in financial and commercial departments with those working in the creative or production side of the industry, thereby distorting the creative input of BAME representation in broadcasting industry. At times, the statistics give little detail of who occupies editorial positions and levels of seniority of BAME staff. Furthermore, some statistics merge those working in overseas departments with those working in the UK, which can give a misleading impression of the level of BAME employment in the broadcasting industry amongst the UK population. It is clear that a more robust approach is needed.
Could you please confirm whether Ofcom agrees that there is a need to for broadcasters to provide more consistent and accurate statistics on BAME representation? And if so, what steps you are taking to address this?
The three proposals I have highlighted above are straightforward steps Ofcom can take to improve the lack of progress on BAME diversity in the broadcasting industry that you rightly describe as ‘woeful’ and ‘shocking’. We have a real opportunity to reverse the downward trajectory of BAME staff in broadcasting and to resolve the ‘cultural disconnect’ you have described.
The creative industries are at the heart of London’s culture and economy and put the UK in a leading position on the global stage. I believe the promotion of diversity in broadcasting is not only vital for the culture and profile of the UK but is critical for ensuring the commercial success and sustainability of one of the most important drivers of the London economy. London is proudly one of the most diverse cities in the world, and we should be aiming for nothing less than for that to be reflected in an equally diverse broadcasting industry.
Mayor of London