Non-confidential facts and advice to the Deputy Mayor for Policing and Crime (DMPC)
- Introduction and background
A 2013/14 report from the Office for National Statistics found that alcohol was a factor in
· 82% of crime between 22:00-24:00, and
· 84% of crime between 24:00-06:00
1.1. The late night levy is a discretionary power conferred on licensing authorities by the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 that came into effect on 31 October 2012. It enables licensing authorities to introduce a charge for all businesses in their area that are licensed to supply alcohol late at night, to raise a contribution to the extra enforcement costs that the night-time economy generates for police and local authorities.
1.1.1. The decision to introduce the levy is for the licensing authority to make and they will also decide the design of the levy.
1.1.2. The authority is expected to consider the need for a levy in consultation with the police and MOPAC. Local residents can call for the implementation of the levy or not in their area.
1.1.3. The licensing authority can determine the late-night supply period for which the levy is introduced (any period between midnight and 6am), any exemptions or reductions that may apply.
1.1.4. The legislation provides that MOPAC (as the PCC) will receive at least 70% of the net levy revenue raised by boroughs. The licensing authority can retain up to 30% of the net revenue to fund other activities besides policing, but they are restricted to spend that money on activities concerned with management of the night time economy.
1.2. At present Islington is the only London Borough to implement the Late Night Levy. You wrote to the LB of Islington in 24 September 2014 commending their proposals for the Late Night Levy including their plan to retain 100% of the Levy while funding two police officer posts and employing a uniformed, accredited security organisation (to patrol and respond to complaints at the weekend) among other activities. The LB Islington has been evaluated by the borough and badged a success by them in a report dated 22 January 2016.
- Issues for consideration
2.1. There has been some interest shown by other boroughs now that Islington’s Levy has been in place for more than a year.
2.2. LB of Camden has completed the consultation and their licensing committee has written to MOPAC with a proposal which is similar to the one the Islington made.
2.3. The Business Crime Change board has recently considered issues in the night-time economy inviting input from business; this included comment on use of the Late Night Levy. A consensus is forming suggesting that the levy can be beneficial providing other options have first been considered.
2.4. The Islington experience suggests that the levy is likely to be more successful when used to enhance uniformed presence on the street and in conjunction with best practice schemes and improved licensing.
2.5. Many boroughs have voluntary subscription schemes in place that help businesses address issues of crime and disorder (such as BCRPs, BIDs and schemes like PubWatch) which can deliver the same outcomes as the proposals for the Late Night Levy.
- Financial Comments
3.1. It is not possible to estimate the gross income that might be generated through the levy as it will depend on how many local authorities implement a levy and the number of relevant premises in the different rateable value bands.
- Legal Comments
4.1. The Deputy Mayor has the power to delegate this power to the Chief Operating Officer
- Equality Comments
- MOPAC would require that the local authority apply their corporate equality and diversity policy in the delivery of performance objectives which are funded by the levy.
- Background/supporting papers
- Chapter 2 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act sets out the framework provision for local authorities to introduce the late night levy. This is found at http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2011/13/part/2/chapter/2/enacted.
- The Late Night Levy (Application and Administration) Regulations 2012 are available at http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukdsi/2012/9780111526309/contents.
- Home Office, AMENDED GUIDANCE ON THE LATE NIGHT LEVY, December 2012 are available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/118369/late-night-levy-guidance.pdf
- Non-statutory Home Office guidance for the Late Night Levy is available on the Home Office website at http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/publications/alcohol-drugs/alcohol/alcohol-supporting-guidance/late-night-levy-guidance?view=Binary.