London is a diverse city, reflected not only in its population but across its landscapes and wildlife too. It's this mix that makes London special and we want to do all we can to look after it.
Interwoven with the city’s buildings, roads and train lines are wilder spaces and valuable habitats such as grasslands rich with wild flowers, rivers, reedbeds, and ancient woodlands. Along with other green and blue open spaces, like gardens and canals, they provide shelter and food for a wide range of wildlife. Over 14,000 different species of plants, animals and fungi have been recorded in London, many of which are permanent residents of the city. This amazing diversity of living things and the natural habitats they live in is called biodiversity.
Biodiversity is part of the heritage of London and helps to make the city a comfortable and pleasant place to live. Trees and woodlands help clean our air, bees and other insects help pollinate our crops, earthworms make our soils more fertile and reedbeds help clean our water. Spending time in nature can bring mental and physical health benefits too.
The Mayor wants to protect biodiversity and give all Londoner’s the opportunity to enjoy and benefit from the wildlife of the city. The London Environment Strategy sets out how the Mayor will work with others to make sure London's biodiversity is enhanced and more Londoners can experience nature.