Mayor calls for improved efforts to tackle violent extremism

29 January 2019

 

  • City Hall research reveals significant improvements need to be made to tackle threat of radicalisation and far-right extremism.

 

  • Nearly two-thirds of Londoners would not know how to seek support from the authorities if they were worried about an individual who seemed vulnerable to being drawn to terrorism.

 

  • Sadiq welcomes the independent review of the government’s Prevent strategy - initial findings of his Countering Violent Extremism programme finds there is a deep mistrust and misunderstanding of Prevent amongst some communities.

 

The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, is calling for improved and renewed efforts to tackle violent extremism in the capital, after new research found that nearly two-thirds of Londoners would not know how to seek support from the authorities if they were worried about an individual being vulnerable to violent extremism.

 

Amid the threat from violent Islamist groups – and the growing threat posed by far-right extremists, Sadiq welcomed last week’s announcement by Ministers of an independent review of the Government’s Prevent strategy. An independent review is one of the early recommendations from the Mayor’s Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) programme, following a full and frank assessment by City Hall officials of existing counter-terrorism initiatives in London. Initial findings have shown that significant improvements need to be made to increase trust and transparency among some of London’s communities.

 

To inform London’s efforts to tackle radicalisation and violent extremism, the Mayor commissioned research in April last year to understand what Londoners’ views and experiences of extremism are, focusing on how they would identify and refer any concerns they had to the police or another authority.

 

This research forms an early part of the innovative and extensive engagement undertaken as part of the Mayor’s Countering Violent Extremism programme and found that:

  • 61 per cent of respondents thought that the threat from extremism is increasing.
  • 25 per cent of respondents had witnessed or experienced extremist views in the past 12 months.
  • 17 per cent of respondents had witnessed or experienced views promoting or supporting acts of terrorism in the past 12 months.
  • 65 per cent of respondents see strong, cohesive and integrated communities as the most effective way of reducing the risk of people carrying out extremist acts, hate crime and terrorism.
  • 64 per cent of respondents would not know how to seek help from the authorities if they were worried about an individual being vulnerable to manipulation or exploitation towards extremism or terrorism.
  • 24 per cent of respondents would feel confident about being able to spot the signs that someone might be vulnerable to manipulation and exploitation towards extremism and terrorism.

 

The Mayor launched his Countering Violent Extremism programme as a recognition of the growing threat from extremism and radicalisation that is operating at a heightened scale and pace across the country. This recognition was reflected in the research where 61 per cent of respondents thought that the threat from violent extremism is rising.

 

Sadiq is clear that more needs to be done involving all London’s communities, charities, civil society, faith groups, the Government, police and relevant authorities to help Londoners understand the risk of radicalisation, as less than a quarter of respondents said they were confident they could spot signs that someone might be being exploited towards violent extremism.

 

The programme’s findings also indicated that while there have been good examples of the government’s initiative preventing vulnerable people from being radicalised, there is evidence which shows there are sections of society that will not engage with the Prevent strategy, and the Mayor is concerned about the impact this could have on people that arguably need this support the most.

 

Even the Government’s own Home Office statistics revealed referrals from communities to Prevent have remained incredibly low for three years running, which suggests that the strategy is not reaching the areas of London that are harder to engage.

 

This is why the Mayor welcomes an independent review into the government’s Prevent strategy, as his programme found that while the strategy was effective in reassuring some communities, it alienates others and improvements must be made to ensure this is a strategy that works across London and is able to engage its diverse communities.

 

The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, said: “Violent extremism is one of the biggest threats facing London and our country. We simply must do better at safeguarding the vulnerable and stopping people from promoting these vile ideologies with such horrific consequences.

 

“There is a role for all of Londoners in tackling the spread of violent extremism, but this research shows that unfortunately, the Prevent programme is failing some of the communities that most desperately need it. I welcome the government’s announcement  last week of an independent review of Prevent to ensure a better programme that has greater community confidence.

 

“We have to do more to empower communities to speak out and challenge hate crime and extremist views. We need communities to report concerns to the police and local authorities, and find lasting solutions that will stop the spread of violent extremism completely.”

 

It comes as the Mayor today brings together some of the key organisations that have been working with his Countering Violent Extremism programme to provide an update on the progress of this work and discuss their findings.

The programme was designed to identify opportunities to safeguard people who may be vulnerable to extremist views, stop the spread of these harmful ideologies and strengthen London’s minority and marginalised communities.

 

To achieve this, the Mayor appointed six specialist advisers who have provided independent guidance on the programme. Sadiq also delivered small grants to organisations who went out and spoke with at risk communities that often don’t engage with police or other authorities. As well as these organisations, in attendance at today’s event are victims of terrorism, whose tragic stories and experiences reinforce the importance of having a counter-terrorism strategy that works for London.

 

Specialist Adviser Councillor Clare Coghill, Leader of Waltham Forest Council,said: “All communities need to understand the ever-changing threat from extremism in London and what part we all play in challenging extremist views. It is through the leadership being shown by the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, that we can empower Londoners to speak out against extremist views and ideologies that left unchallenged lead to violence on the streets of the capital.”

 

Grant holder, Adam Matan OBE, Managing Director, Anti-Tribalism Movement,said: The Mayor’s Countering Violent Extremism Programme enabled us to engage and listen to a wide range of Londoners from young people and mothers to members with special needs about their understandings and challenges of the wider CVE space. The proactive and honest engagements of the programme has enabled Londoners to propose realistic and collective ideas to root out violent extremism within our society”

 

The Votes for Schools campaign, said: "The team at VotesforSchools all believe that the Mayor's Countering Violent Extremism programme is a worthwhile and effective initiative. The CVE team appear to have prioritised listening and understanding the views of people in the community, from parents to teachers to young people and clearly now have valuable insights to act upon. We have enjoyed working with and supporting this initiative and would like to congratulate the team for the impressive work they have done."

 

John V. Powell MBE, FRSA Chief Executive Officer, Met-Track,said: “Met-Track has changed the lives of thousands of vulnerable young Londoners and recognises the changing landscape presents new challenges in this day and age.  Being able to present young people with an open discussion on the perils of violent extremism was a unique and priceless opportunity that we fully intend to develop and pursue.”

 

Specialist Adviser Sasha Havlicek, Chief Executive of the Institute of Strategic Dialogue, said: “To tackle the rise of hate crime, extremism and polarisation, we need all parts of our society contributing to a solution. We need cultural institutions, local businesses, sports centres and NGO’s working within and alongside communities. The Mayor of London and City Hall are uniquely placed to bring this wide range of constituencies to the table for the first time and to engage them in investing in, and in mainstreaming, locally relevant responses to hate and extremism. In this way, the Mayor of London is in a unique position to empower local problem solving and communal pride across London’s diverse population.”

 

Specialist Adviser Nigel Bromage, Founder of Small Steps, said: “I welcome the Mayor’s leadership in improving City Hall’s efforts to counter violent extremism. London is the most diverse city in the United Kingdom and its significance on the world stage makes dealing with extremism, in any form, a major priority. Only by working together, united by a common goal, can we safeguard vulnerable communities and stop the spread of extremist ideologies.”

Notes to editors

  • Link to survey results: https://d25d2506sfb94s.cloudfront.net/cumulus_uploads/document/65vxz5ovsa/MOPACResults_181005_Extremism_London_W.pdf
  • An open consultation was held which took the form of a survey to understand what Londoners’ views and experiences of extremism are, focusing on how they would identify and refer any concerns they had to the police or other authority. This survey was hosted on the Talk London website to which over 1,000 Londoners responded
  • Countering Violent Extremism work has involved the Deputy Mayor for Policing and Crime and the Deputy Mayor for Social Integration, Social Mobility and Community Engagement and staff from across City Hall.
  • The CVE work has been informed by leading experts, stakeholders and individuals from across London’s diverse communiites The Mayor’s specialist CVE advisors are: Cllr Clare Coghill – Leader of Waltham Forest Council, Sasha Havlicek – CEO Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD), Sajda Mughal OBE – CEO Jan Trust (and survivor of London 7/7 attacks), Nigel Bromage - Founder, Small Steps, Shaukat Warraich – CEO of Faith Associates, Imam Mohmmed Mahmoud – Imam at East London Mosque.
  • The Government’s Prevent Agenda is one of four work strands which make up the government's counter-terrorism strategy – CONTEST. The aim of CONTEST is to reduce the risk to the UK and its interests overseas from terrorism.
  • Home Office referrals to Prevent document- 2017/18:https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/763254/individuals-referred-supported-prevent-programme-apr2017-mar2018-hosb3118.pdf for the year 2017/18 there were 4% (292) Prevent referrals from the community and 3% (212) referrals from friends and family. In 2016/7 there were 4% (226) Prevent referrals from the community and 4% (250) referrals from friends and family. In 2015/16 there were 5% (398) Prevent referrals from the community and 3% (267) referrals from friends and family.
  • The Mayor’s CVE programme completed an open and competitive grant tender process for civil society organisations to undertake engagement with London’s diverse communities. 

The programme awarded both the Anti-Tribalism Movement and Faiths Forum for London £15,000 and Small Steps Community £14,500 to undertake arm's length, pan-London engagement on behalf of the programme.

  • Findings from the programme will be set out along with recommendations in a report due to be published by the end of March 2019.