Mayor, Sadiq Khan, with a zero emission bus. Part of a cleaner London bus fleet.

Draft Transport for London (TfL) Business Plan published

The Mayor, Sadiq Khan, published the Draft Transport for London (TfL) Business Plan on Thursday 8 December. 

The plan outlines how TfL will deliver Sadiq's vision for transport over the next five years: an affordable and modern transport network that works for all Londoners.  

It includes:

  • an ambitious programme of modernisation and transformation
  • freezing TfL fares for the duration of Sadiq's mayoral term
  • the biggest ever increase in tube capacity, including bringing forward the extension of the Bakerloo Line
  • record investment to make London's streets cleaner and healthier: doubling investment in cycling, an extended Ultra Low Emission Zone, and a cleaner London bus fleet
  • efficiency savings to total £800m per year by 2020/21, while protecting front line services

Important issues covered in the plan

It also includes other important measures that will make a real difference to millions of Londoners.


A total of £2.5bn will be invested to get more people cycling and walking, and to improve public safety and air quality.

The annual cycling investment will increase to record levels. At an average of £154m per year, the cycling budget is almost double the £79m per year spent over the last mayoral term. 

Air quality

The world’s first Ultra Low Emission Zone will be launched, reducing harmful nitrogen oxides and particulate matter, and a new toxicity charge is proposed for central London, targeting the most polluting vehicles.

Five Low Emission Neighbourhoods will be created as well as Low Emission Bus zones, and diesel buses will be phased out.

In total, the amount invested in tackling air quality is double that committed by the last mayor.

Step-free access

TfL will increase the number of step-free access Tube stations to more than 30.

This will bring the total number of stations with step-free access to all platforms to over 100. This represents at least 40 per cent of the Underground network, up from 26 per cent currently.

The accessibility of the transport network will be further improved by the opening of the Elizabeth line in 2018, with every station being step-free.

Road safety

TfL is committed to reducing the number of pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists killed or seriously injured by 50 per cent by 2020. This is the first step towards its longer-term aim of bringing road casualties to zero.

This new ‘Vision Zero’ approach will prioritise road danger reduction by putting the needs of people at the heart of all TfL schemes and reducing the dominance of motor vehicles on London’s streets.

This will include tackling the city’s high risk junctions, extending 20mph limits across more areas of the city and introducing a new bus safety standard.

Crossrail 2

Work will continue to deliver Crossrail 2, which will support hundreds of thousands of new homes and jobs, and meet the needs of London’s growing population.

TfL will also continue to lobby the Government to transfer London suburban rail services to TfL, opening up opportunities for new homes and improving the services for passengers.

Modernisation: what major improvements are being made?

The Mayor has already announced plans to make transport more affordable by freezing TfL fares and by introducing the ‘Hopper’ fare, which has already delivered over 10 million free bus journeys for people changing buses within an hour. 

Further improvements will be implemented to meet the needs of London’s growing population, while making London’s streets healthier and safer, and make public transport more accessible.

The ambitious modernisation programme includes:

The biggest Tube capacity growth that London has ever seen

  • a new Elizabeth line
  • new signalling on the Hammersmith and City, District and Circle lines for more frequent trains
  • further upgrades to Jubilee and Northern Lines (a 17 per cent and 20 per cent boost in capacity respectively)
  • new trains for the Piccadilly, Central and Bakerloo lines
  • station upgrades completed at Victoria, Bond Street and Finsbury Park, Camden, Holborn and elsewhere

Extensions to lines

  • the extension of the Bakerloo line to Lewisham to be brought forward by two years
  • Northen line to be extended to Battersea
  • London Overground extended to Barking Riverside

Night Tube

TfL to explore the option of rolling out the Night Tube onto additional lines, further supporting London’s important night time economy

New east London river crossings

  • The Silvertown Tunnel, which will improve bus connections in east London and take pressure off the Blackwall Tunnel
  • a new pedestrian and cycling bridge linking Rotherhithe and Canary Wharf

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