Mayor to trial indoor air pollution filtration systems in nurseries
· 20 nurseries in some of London’s most polluted areas to receive new ‘air quality audits’
• Audits will help identify measures to reduce children’s exposure to toxic air pollution
• Five nurseries will trial new air quality filtration systems after study shows indoor pollution can be much higher than outside
The Mayor has launched a programme of air quality audits to help clean up toxic air and protect the health of young children at nurseries in some of the most polluted parts of London.
The audits will target sources of indoor and outdoor pollution, with five of the 20 nurseries trialling new air filtration systems to test their effectiveness at reducing indoor pollution. They will focus on reducing NO2, PM10 and PM 2.5 as research shows children exposed to these smaller pollution particles and gases are more likely to grow up with lung problems and to develop asthma.
The new scheme follows 50 successful audits the Mayor delivered to primary schools earlier this year, which have already led to some schools taking action to close roads, upgrade their boilers, tackle engine idling and promote car-sharing schemes.
A recent study by University College London and the University of Cambridge,funded by the Mayor, found that indoor air pollution was significantly higher inside classrooms, due to a range of factors including the age of buildings, ventilation, positioning of windows, and wall-to-wall carpeting.
The findings suggested that the protection offered by the building increased the further away it was from the busiest roads and that airtight buildings may offer greater protection against pollution. The report also found that, in most classrooms, annual exposure to small particles was higher than recommended World Health Organization guidelines, and that this was caused by a combination of indoor and outdoor sources.
The impact of outdoor air pollution on indoor air quality underlines the importance of the hard-hitting measures Sadiq is already taking to tackle London’s toxic air, including introducing the 24-hour Ultra Low Emission Zone in Central London and cleaning up the bus fleet.
The audits will also review a range of methods to reduce pollution outside nurseries,including restricting road access outside entrances at drop off and collection times, moving playgrounds away from congested roads, installing green ‘pollution barrier’ hedges, tackling engine idling and promoting cycling and walking.
The £250,000 programme is funded as part of the Mayor’s Air Quality Fund and audits will be conducted by global engineering consultancy WSP, who will spend the next few weeks in the nurseries, assessing indoor and outdoor air pollution sources, looking at how children travel to the nurseries, and reviewing local walking routes including traffic crossings. These will be the first City Hall trials of indoor filtration, beginning in spring 2019, with results expected later in the year, alongside a toolkit that can be given to all non-participating nurseries so they can conduct their own audits.
Built into the programme is a ring-fenced starter grant of £4,500 for the 20 nurseries to help kick-start recommendations on completion of the audits.
The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan said: “It remains a shameful fact that London's toxic air health crisis is harming the lung growth and respiratory health of our young children, and City Hall is determined to everything in our power to protect them. These nursery audits focus on indoor pollution as well as outdoor sources, and will help us understand ways we can stop toxic air from our congested roads raising pollution limits inside nurseries.
“The 50 school audits we delivered are already resulting in positive changes that are helping reduce pollution and clean the air for thousands of pupils. We will continue to prioritise the health of all Londoners with a range of strong measures including the introduction next April of the 24-hour Central London Ultra Low Emission Zone, cleaning up our bus fleet and working with boroughs on local interventions.
“Now it is high time the Government stepped up and matched my ambition by delivering a new Clean Air and Environment Act and introducing the scrappage scheme we need to remove the dirtiest vehicles off our streets once and for all.”
Dr Simon Lenton, representative of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health said: "The adverse impact on health of air pollution is now well established in adults. Infants and children are more vulnerable as their lungs and brains are still developing. Children and infants spend many hours in nursery or at school and it is imperative we know what air pollutants they are exposed to and then take action to ensure the air they breathe is as pure as possible. This is particularly important in proximity to high traffic density and close to industrial areas. We fully support the GLA programme in primary schools and nurseries to understand and tackle the problem".
Louise Beanland, Governor of Melcombe Primary School who received an audit, said “I welcome the commitment that the Mayor is showing to doing everything he can to improve the health and wellbeing of our children. The announcement of the 20 nurseries selected to receive an air quality audit and, other interventions, is yet another sign of such a commitment’.
The 20 state funded nurseries were selected, in agreement with the local authority, based on assessments ofthe current annual average levels of Nitrogen Dioxide near the nursery.
- Thomas Coram Centre, Camden
- Robert Owen Nursery School, Greenwich
- Rachel McMillan Nursery School and Children's Centre, Greenwich
- Pembury House Nursery School, Haringey
- Maxilla Nursery School, Kensington and Chelsea
- Golborne Children's Centre, Kensington and Chelsea
- Triangle Nursery School, Lambeth
- Ethelred Nursery School and Children's Centre, Lambeth
- Clyde Nursery School, Lewisham
- Sheringham Nursery School & Children's Centre, Newham
- Kay Rowe Nursery School, Newham
- Windham Nursery School, Richmond upon Thames
- Kintore Way Nursery School and Children's Centre, Southwark
- Nell Gwynn Nursery School, Southwark
- Ann Bernadt Nursery School, Southwark
- Alice Model Nursery School, Tower Hamlets
- Columbia Market Nursery School, Tower Hamlets
- Somerset Nursery School and Children's Centre, Wandsworth
- Tachbrook Nursery School, Westminster
- Dorothy Gardner Centre, Westminster
Notes to editors
1, The Lancet research showing children exposed to smaller pollution particles and NO2 are more likely to grow up with reduced lung function is available here: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(18)30202-0/fulltext?fbclid=IwAR0Y3ma2WyqMQqDJpdpdqBS2ek2KyrC6l6Ev7tTyEp4MxcA0Ulh5Wnjezy8
2, The study by University College London and the University of Cambridge, funded by the Mayor, investigating the level of indoor air pollution in London’s schools is available here https://www.london.gov.uk/WHAT-WE-DO/environment/environment-publications/indoor-air-quality-report. This assessed five schools and one nursery as well as undertaking a literature review.
3, Each of the 50 schools WHICH received air quality audits have been given a £10,000 grant to help kick start improvements by the Mayor, which has been match funded by many boroughs.
4, A GLA School Air Quality Forum has been established for schools to share best practice and support each other with the implementation of the recommendations from the audit programme as well to encourage wider dissemination of the audit toolkit.
5, The Mayor also provides information on periods of moderate, high and very high pollution to schools and nurseries through his air quality alerts system
6, For an example of air quality improvements made already at an audited primary school - St Mary’s off the Marylebone Road have done the following:
• Installing and testing a new filtration system to reduce pollution inside the school. This is being delivered with £20,000 in new funding from the Mayor and Westminster Council;
• The school has worked with the borough to trial a year-long closure of the busy road, Enford Street, outside its entrance, to traffic at the start and end of the school day. The trial will start this summer;
• Turning the staff car park into a garden and encouraging all staff and pupils to walk, cycle or use public transport;
• Working with British Land to install a ‘green wall’ – a variety of plants across a playground wall - to screen students playing outside from nearby traffic pollution;
• Involving pupils in a 'no-engine idling' campaign to help educate their parents on reduce harmful emissions.