We aim to reduce London’s greenhouse gas emissions by 60% from their 1990 levels by 2025. Greening our transport will play a major role in us achieving this goal.
Cycling and walking
We’re helping more Londoners get on their bikes by making cycling easier and safe. We’re also making it easier for walkers to plan their journeys through schemes like Transport for London’s (TfL) ‘Legible London’. Alongside this, we’re working hard to reduce emissions from ground-based transport.
The Mayor has set out his vision of London as Europe's ultra low emission vehicle capital.
To help make this vision a reality, the Mayor, Transport for London and London’s councils are working together to bid for £52 million in funding from the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV), including through its Go Ultra Low City Scheme. London has already submitted a bid to OLEV (and the Sectetary of State) for the Go Ultra Low City Scheme and there will be complementary bids to other funding schemes in due course.
Our New Routemaster bus is the first bus in more than 50 years to be designed specifically for the capital's streets.
Almost 150 of these buses currently serve the capital, and more than 600 new Routemasters will enter passenger service by 2016. Three doors and two staircases make this London’s most accessible bus, with a step-free gangway on the lower deck from the front to the back. The green electric hybrid engine makes this the best performing bus of its kind in the world, reducing CO2, NOx and particulate emissions.
Hydrogen & Electric buses
A fleet of eight hydrogen fuel buses now run on the RV1 route between Covent Garden and Tower Gateway. These buses emit nothing but water into the air.
In December 2013 TfL began a trial of electric-only buses. Electric buses are quieter than conventional models, have zero exhaust emissions and total CO2 emissions 40 per cent lower over their lifespan than diesel buses.
The buses take around four to five hours to fully charge overnight and should have a range of 250km. This is sufficient to operate these buses for a full day on these routes without the need to recharge. Two of the new vehicles are currently operating on routes 507 and 521 between Victoria, Waterloo and London Bridge stations.
Visit our dedicated hydrogen and fuel cells page to find out more.
Zero emission taxis
In January 2014 the Mayor announced that all new taxis presented for licensing in the capital will need to be zero emission capable from 1 January 2018. Our expectation is that these vehicles will automatically operate in zero emission mode when in areas where air quality is at its worst, such as parts of central London.
We are exploring financial measures that we can introduce to help the capital's transition to zero emission capable taxis. We’re doing this alongside TfL, the Office of Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV) and others.
Ultra Low Emission Zone
The Low Emission Zone (LEZ) has been set up to encourage the most polluting heavy diesel vehicles in London to become cleaner. The LEZ covers most of Greater London and is in operation 24 hours a day, 365 days of the year.
The Mayor has proposed a central London Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) from 2020 to reduce air pollutant and CO2 emissions from road transport. This would require cars to meet either a Euro 6 diesel emission standard or a Euro 4 petrol emission standard.
Cars which do not meet one of these standards will be subject to an additional charge. This will operate separately to the Congestion Charge, which will remain focused on managing traffic and congestion in the central zone.
As well as being a world first, ULEZ will be a game-changer for London’s air quality. It will reduce road transport emissions by half, and bring London two-thirds of the way to compliance with EU legal limits for NO2.