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Policy D10 Safety, security and resilience to emergency


The Mayor uses his convening power to work with relevant partners and stakeholders to ensure and maintain a safe and secure environment in London that is resilient against emergencies including fire, flood, weather, terrorism and related hazards as set out in the London Risk Register.

  1. Boroughs should work with their local Metropolitan Police Service ‘Design Out Crime’ officers and planning teams, whilst also working with other agencies such as the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority, the City of London Police and the British Transport Police to identify the community safety needs, policies and sites required for their area and to support provision of necessary infrastructure to maintain a safe and secure environment.
  2. Development proposals should maximise building resilience and minimise potential physical risks, including those arising as a result of fire, flood and related hazards. Development should include measures to design out crime that – in proportion to the risk – deter terrorism, assist in the detection of terrorist activity and help mitigate its effects. These measures should be considered at the start of the design process to ensure they are inclusive and aesthetically integrated into the development and the wider area.

Londoners look to the Mayor as a civic leader for support, advice and reassurance in the event of a major incident taking place. The role of the Mayor in an attack is an interconnected one and is clarified via his attendance at COBR[29] meetings about incidents affecting, or potentially affecting, London. The London Resilience Partnership maintains the London Risk Register[30]. The London Risk Register provides a summary of the main risks affecting London and identifies the existing risk management arrangements for the risks.

[29] COBR (often referred to as COBRA) stands for Cabinet Office Briefing Rooms, these are the locations the Government’s emergency response committee set up to respond to major events and emergencies.

[30] For further details see

New developments, including building refurbishments, should be constructed with resilience at the heart of their design. In particular they should incorporate appropriate fire safety solutions and represent best practice in fire safety planning in both design and management. The London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority (LFEPA) should be consulted early in the design process to ensure major developments have fire safety solutions built-in. Flooding issues and designing out the effects of flooding are addressed in Chapter 9.

Measures to design out crime, including counter terrorism measures, should be integral to development proposals and considered early in the design process[31]. This will ensure they provide adequate protection, do not compromise good design, do not shift vulnerabilities elsewhere, and are cost-effective. Development proposals should incorporate measures that are proportionate to the threat of the risk of an attack and the likely consequences of one.

[31] Crowded Places: 2017 National Counter-Terrorism Security Office ; Crowded places - the planning system and counter-terrorism: 2012, Home Office and DCLG; and Protecting crowded places: design and technical issues: 2014, Home Office, Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure and the National Counter-Terrorism Security Office


New development, including streetscapes and public spaces, should incorporate elements that deter terrorists, maximise the probability of detecting intrusion, and delay any attempts at disruption until a response can be activated. Consideration should be given to physical, personnel and electronic security (including detailed questions of design and choice of materials, vehicular stand off and access, air intakes and telecommunications infrastructure). The Metropolitan Police (Designing Out Crime Officers and Counter Terrorism Security Advisors) should be consulted to ensure major developments contain appropriate design solutions, which respond to the potential level of risk whilst ensuring the quality of places is maximised.