- Boroughs should:
- identify Strategic Areas for Regeneration (see Figure 2.19) in Local Plans based on a thorough understanding of the demographics of communities and their needs
- seek to identify Local Areas for Regeneration taking into account local circumstances.
- Development Plans, Opportunity Area Planning Frameworks and development proposals should contribute to regeneration by tackling spatial inequalities and the environmental, economic and social barriers that affect the lives of people in the area, especially in Strategic and Local Areas for Regeneration.
- Boroughs and other stakeholders should develop locally-sensitive policies and initiatives and support development proposals that contribute to the renewal of town centres in Strategic and Local Areas for Regeneration (see Town Centres policies and Annex 1).
There are parts of London where the impacts of inequality and causes of deprivation are particularly concentrated. Based on the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD), many of the city’s neighbourhoods lie within the 20 per cent most deprived areas in England. These areas are defined in the London Plan as Strategic Areas for Regeneration. In addition, there are other parts of London where the impacts of inequality are acutely felt, which may not be fully reflected in the IMD; where relevant, these should be identified in Local Plans as Local Areas for Regeneration.
Regeneration can take many forms, and involve changes of different scale and with different impacts, depending on the needs of local communities and the character of the area. Often regeneration will take the form of incremental improvements over a number of years, involving a range of projects and initiatives, such as providing affordable workspace, creating more accessible and welcoming public realm, or investing in training and employment opportunities for local residents. Where proposed, large-scale development in Areas for Regeneration should seek to reduce spatial inequalities.
All stakeholders, communities and individuals have a role to play in tackling poverty, disadvantage, inequality and the causes of deprivation, particularly in places where their impacts are acutely felt. There should be a focus on these areas in strategies, decisions, and bids for funding undertaken by the boroughs, the GLA family and other stakeholders to ensure these areas benefit from investment in strategic infrastructure, social infrastructure, and regeneration initiatives. In order to be effective in improving the lives of those most affected by inequality, regeneration initiatives must be undertaken in collaboration with local communities, involving a broad spectrum of groups and individuals, to develop a shared vision for the area. Successful regeneration requires all stakeholders to operate in a collaborative way, pooling resources and creating partnerships. There should be a shared understanding of how the regeneration area needs to change, and how that change will be secured, managed, embedded within and supported by the community. By taking an integrated, spatial approach to a wide range of issues, Development Plans and Opportunity Area Planning Frameworks have a key role to play in tackling spatial inequalities and the causes of deprivation.
In identifying Local Areas for Regeneration, boroughs should use their local knowledge and that of their communities to identify and understand the particular needs of the area. The individual measures of deprivation that make up the IMD should be used to identify specific areas that are affected by particular issues, and regeneration strategies, investment and the approach taken in Local Plans should be tailored to reflect these. Local Plans should also look closely at the Strategic Areas for Regeneration and the particular issues that affect them and the surrounding areas.
Many of the Opportunity Areas identified in the London Plan intersect with Areas for Regeneration. Where this is the case, Development Plans and Opportunity Area Planning Frameworks should identify the particular needs and character of the area, and identify how investment and development should tackle the specific causes of deprivation that impact on the lives of people in the area, while enriching the qualities of the area that make it unique.
The Areas for Regeneration are home to many established and varied communities, and there is likely to be a strong sense of place, local identity, and character that is reflected in the buildings, streets and spaces in the area, the lives of the people that live there and the activities that take place. Local Plans, Opportunity Area Planning Frameworks, and regeneration strategies should identify, protect and promote the places and spaces that are particularly valued by local communities, including cultural venues, heritage assets, community facilities and social infrastructure, as well as creating new spaces for people to enjoy.
Annex 1 identifies the town centres that are within or intersect with Strategic Areas for Regeneration. Development Plans, Opportunity Area Planning Frameworks, and town centre and regeneration strategies should consider the needs of these town centres and others that are easily accessible from Areas for Regeneration, and set out how town centre renewal and investment will contribute to the regeneration of the area. Town centre strategies and Local Plans should address in detail the particular performance of town centres and their role in providing access to local services and employment opportunities for the Areas for Regeneration.