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Policy T6 Car parking

T6

  1. Car parking should be restricted in line with levels of existing and future public transport accessibility and connectivity.
  2. Car-free development should be the starting point for all development proposals in places that are (or are planned to be) well-connected by public transport, with developments elsewhere designed to provide the minimum necessary parking (‘car-lite’).
  3. The maximum car parking standards set out in Policy T6.1 Residential parking to Policy T6.5 Non-residential disabled persons parking should be applied to development proposals and used to set local standards within Development Plans.
  4. Appropriate disabled persons parking for Blue Badge holders should be provided as set out in Policy T6.1 Residential parking to Policy T6.5 Non-residential disabled persons parking.
  5. Where car parking is provided in new developments, provision should be made for infrastructure for electric or other Ultra-Low Emission vehicles.
  6. Adequate provision should be made for efficient deliveries and servicing.
  7. A Car Park Design and Management Plan should be submitted alongside all applications which include car parking provision, indicating how the car parking will be designed and managed, with reference to Transport for London guidance on car parking management and car parking design.
  8. Boroughs wishing to adopt borough-wide or other area-based car-free policies will be supported. Outer London boroughs wishing to adopt minimum residential parking standards through a Development Plan Document (within the maximum standards set out in Policy T6.1 Residential parking) must only do so for parts of London that are PTAL 0-1. Inner London boroughs should not adopt minimum standards. Minimum standards are not appropriate for non-residential land uses in any part of London.
  9. Where sites are redeveloped, existing parking provision should be reduced to reflect the current approach and not be re-provided at previous levels where this exceeds the standards set out in this policy.

To manage London’s road network and ensure that people and businesses can move about the city as the population grows, new parking provision must be carefully controlled. The dominance of vehicles on streets is a significant barrier to walking and cycling and reduces the appeal of streets as public places. Reduced parking provision can facilitate higher-density development and support the creation of mixed and vibrant places that are designed for people rather than vehicles. As the population grows, a fixed road network cannot absorb the additional cars that would result from a continuation of current levels of car ownership and use. Implementing the parking standards in this Plan is therefore an essential measure to support the delivery of new housing across the city.

Maximum standards for car parking take account of PTAL[145] as well as London Plan spatial designations and land use. Developments in town centres generally have good access to a range of services within walking distance, and so car-free lifestyles are a realistic option for many people living there. Opportunity Areas offer the potential to coordinate new transport investment with development proposals to embed car-free or car-lite lifestyles from the outset. Differences in car use and ownership between inner and outer London are recognised, with trip distances and trip patterns sometimes making walking and cycling difficult in outer London.

[145] See the Glossary for an explanation of PTAL.

When calculating general parking provision within the relevant standards, the starting point for discussions should be the highest existing or planned PTAL at the site, although consideration should be given to local circumstances and the quality of public transport provision, as well as conditions for walking and cycling. Disabled persons parking provision for Blue Badge holders, car club spaces and provision for electric or other Ultra-Low Emission vehicles should be included within the maximum provision and not in addition to it.

Where no standard is provided, the level of parking should be determined on a case-by-case basis taking account of Policy T6 Car parking, PTAL and future levels of public transport, walking and cycling connectivity.

The quantum of any parking provision, as well as its design and implementation, should have regard to the need to promote active modes and public transport use. Provision should be flexible for different users and adaptable to future re-purposing in the context of changing requirements, including technological change. Alternative uses could include: seating, places for people to stop and spend time, areas of planting or additional cycle parking.

The general principles outlined in paragraphs 10.6.3 to 10.6.5 above apply to the parking standards set for residential, office (and Use Classes B2 and B8), retail, and hotel and leisure uses under Policy T6.1 Residential parking to Policy T6.5 Non-residential disabled persons parking.

Motorcycle parking will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Where provided, each motorcycle parking space should count towards the maximum for car parking spaces at all land uses.

In order to meet the Mayor’s target for carbon-free travel by 2050, all operational parking must provide infrastructure for electric or other Ultra-Low Emission vehicles.