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Policy T3 Transport capacity, connectivity and safeguarding


  1. Development Plans should develop effective transport policies and projects to support the sustainable development of London and the Wider South East as well as to support better national and international public transport connections.
  2. Development Plans and development decisions should ensure the provision of sufficient and suitably-located land for the development of the current and expanded public and active transport system to serve London’s needs, including by:
    1. safeguarding existing land and buildings used for transport or support functions (unless alternative facilities are provided to the satisfaction of relevant strategic transport authorities and service providers that enable existing transport operations to be maintained and expanded if necessary)
    2. identifying and safeguarding new sites and route alignments, as well as supporting infrastructure, in order to provide transport functions and planned changes to capacity, including proposals identified in Table 10.1
    3. safeguarding the Walk London Network, protecting access to and improving the Thames Path and, where relevant, improving its alignment with the Thames.
  3. Development proposals that do not provide adequate protection for the schemes outlined in Table 10.1 or which otherwise seek to remove vital transport functions or prevent necessary expansion of these, without suitable alternative provision being made to the satisfaction of transport authorities and service providers, should be refused.
  4. In Development Plans and development decisions, priority should be given to delivering upgrades to Underground lines, securing Crossrail 2, the Bakerloo Line Extension, river crossings and an eastwards extension of the Elizabeth Line.
  5. Development proposals should support capacity, connectivity and other improvements to the bus network and ensure it can operate efficiently to, from and within developments, giving priority to buses and supporting infrastructure as needed.

Table 10.1 - Indicative list of transport schemes

Healthy Streets and active travel
Accessibility and inclusivity embedded in the planning and design of Healthy Streetslow2017-2041
Borough-led traffic reduction strategies (including workplace parking levies)low2017-2030
Cycle Hire network developmentmedium2017-2041
Cycle network development (London-wide)medium2017-2030
Electric vehicle charging infrastructurelow2017-2041
Freight consolidation programmemedium2017-2041
Freight fleet emissions reductionslow2017-2041
Highway decks to release land for housing (subject to further assessment)high2017-2030
Personal safety and security improvements on London’s streetslow2017-2041
Road pricing: existing schemes reviewedlow2018-2020
Road pricing: next generation charging (subject to further assessment)med/high2022-2041
Street tree increaseslow2017-2041
Sustainable drainage system improvements on railway landlow2017-2041
Sustainable drainage system improvements on streetslow2017-2041
Transformation of Oxford Streetlow2017-2022
Transformation of Parliament Square (subject to further assessment)low2020s
ULEZ in central Londonmedium2017-2020
ULEZ in inner Londonlow2020-2030
ULEZ London-wide for buses, coaches and HGVslow2020-2030
Vision Zero (safer road user behaviours through education, engagement and enforcement, and improved vehicle safety including banning most dangerous HGVs/HGV Direct Vision)low2017-2041
Walk and cycle bridge between Battersea and Fulhamlow2017-2020
Walk and cycle bridge between Nine Elms and Pimlicolow2020-2030
A new river crossing for pedestrians and cyclists between Rotherhithe and Canary Wharfmedium2017-2030
Walk and cycle to school schemeslow2017-2041
Walk and cycle to work and in local communities schemeslow2017-2041
Walk and cycle wayfinding improvementslow2017-2041
Walk London Network enhancementslow2017-2041
Walking: improved local routeslow2017-2030
Public transport
Bakerloo Line Extensionhigh2020-2030
Brighton Mainline Upgrade (higher frequencies)high2020-2030
Bus network: demand-responsive bus services (subject to further assessment)medium2017-2041
Bus network: enhancements to meet existing and future demandmedium2017-2041
Bus network: Low Emissions Bus Zones (including bus priority)low2017-2030
Bus network: retrofitting and procuring cleaner busesmedium2017-2041
Bus network: Silvertown Tunnel and associated bus servicesmedium2017-2030
Bus network: wheelchair accessible bus stopslow2017-2020
Bus priority network and supporting infrastructuremedium2017-2030
Bus transit pilots in Opportunity Areaslow2020-2041
Coach hub(s) re-provisionmedium2020-2030
Crossrail 2 (including West Anglia Main Line 4-tracking)high2020-2041
Devolved suburban rail services to enable London suburban metrohigh2020-2030
DLR extension from Gallions Reach to Thamesmead (subject to further assessment)medium2017-2030
DLR station upgrade programmelow2017-2041
DLR upgradeshigh2020-2041
Elizabeth linehigh2017-2020
Elizabeth line extension east of Abbey Woodhigh2020-2041
Heathrow Airport Southern Access (required for airport expansion)medium2020-2041
Heathrow Airport Western Access (required for airport expansion)medium2020-2041
HS2 and associated National Rail changes, including mitigation of impacts at street levelhigh2020-2041
London Overground extension to Barking Riversidemedium2017-2030
London Overground extensions (subject to further assessment)medium2030-2041
London Overground frequency upgrades (network-wide)high2017-2041
London Overground station upgrade programmemedium2017-2041
London Overground strategic interchanges at Clapham Junction, Lewisham, Stratford and Old Oak Common and improved accessible interchange facilities across inner and outer Londonlow2017-2030
London Underground air quality improvementslow2017-2041
London Underground station capacity programmehigh2017-2041
London Underground step-free stations and more accessible vehiclesmedium2017-2041
London Underground upgrades - various (e.g. Deep Tube programme, Four Lines Modernisation programme etc)high2017-2041
National Rail capacity increases (other lines)medium2020-2030
National Rail freight upgrades, especially to enable freight to bypass Londonlow2017-2041
National Rail station capacity and step-free access upgradesmedium2017-2041
Night Overgroundlow2017-2020
Night-time services on the DLRlow2020-2030
Night Tube extensionslow2017-2030
Northern Line Extensionhigh2017-2020
River crossing at Gallions Reach and/or Belvedere (subject to further assessment)medium2030-2041
River crossings (public transport) in East London (subject to further assessment)medium2017-2041
River services extensions to the east (subject to further assessment)low2017-2030
Stratford to Angel Road enhancementsmedium2017-2020
Thameslink Programmehigh2017-2020
Tram extension to Sutton (subject to further assessment)medium2020-2030
Tram upgradesmedium2017-2041
Walk and cycle ferry between North Greenwich and Canary Wharf (subject to further assessment)low2017-2020

The Mayor recognises the vital importance of working collaboratively with a wide range of strategic partners to achieve good transport connectivity within London, and also between London and the Wider South East, the rest of the UK and a global network of other cities. Public transport is the most efficient means of moving people over distances that are too long to walk and cycle. London has one of the most extensive public transport networks in the world, with more than nine million trips made every day by bus, tram, tube, train and river. Use of the public transport system has increased by 65 per cent since 2000 largely because of enhanced services and an improved customer experience.

By 2041, London’s transport networks will need to cater for over five million additional trips every day. There is therefore an urgent need to improve public transport capacity, connectivity and quality of service to ensure that it continues to cater for London’s growth. Particular attention should be paid to how the complementary modes of walking, cycling and public transport interconnect at transport hubs and on streets across London.

The Elizabeth Line, due to open in 2019, will increase capacity within central London by about ten per cent, relieving crowding on the Tube network, reducing journey times from east and west London to central London and the Isle of Dogs, and reducing congestion at Paddington, Liverpool Street and in the West End. This will mean that an extra 1.5 million people will be within 45 minutes’ commuting distance of central London. The Elizabeth Line has been designed to allow for future increases in capacity, given the expected demand associated with an increasing population and growing employment in the areas it serves.

Crossrail 2 is essential to London’s future. Linking National Rail networks in Surrey and Hertfordshire via new tunnels and stations between Wimbledon and Tottenham Hale, this major new line will provide capacity for 270,000 people to travel into and across central London each morning. The additional capacity will also help to reduce some of the crowding on the rest of the network that threatens to bring some major stations to a standstill. It will also unlock around 200,000 new homes, and support up to 200,000 new jobs. Working with partners, the Mayor aims to open Crossrail 2 by 2033. ent-->

Extending the Bakerloo Line is also necessary to provide extra capacity on the Tube in south east London, enabling capacity for up to for 65,000 passenger journeys during the morning and evening peak. Increasing connectivity and reducing journey times will enable the Bakerloo Line Extension to support more than 25,000 new homes and 5,000 jobs.

The bus network also has an increasingly important role to play in the development of London, particularly delivering orbital connections. Therefore, the Mayor will work with partners to continue to develop a comprehensive network of frequent, high quality bus routes.