Policy 6.9 Cycling
A The Mayor will work with all relevant partners to bring about a significant increase in cycling in London, so that it accounts for at least 5 per cent of modal share by 2026. He will:
a identify, promote and implement a network of cycle routes across London which will include Cycle Superhighways and Quietways
b continue to operate and improve the cycle hire scheme
c fund the transformation of up to four outer London borough town centres into cycle friendly ‘mini-Hollands’.
B Developments should:
a provide secure, integrated, convenient and accessible cycle parking facilities in line with the minimum standards set out in Table 6.3 and the guidance set out in the London Cycle Design Standards (or subsequent revisions)
b provide on-site changing facilities and showers for cyclists
c contribute positively to an integrated cycling network for London by providing infrastructure that is safe, comfortable, attractive, coherent, direct and adaptable and in line with the guidance set out in the London Cycle Design Standards (or subsequent revisions)
d provide links to existing and planned cycle infrastructure projects including Cycle Superhighways, Quietways, the Central London Grid and the ‘mini-Hollands’
e facilitate the Mayor’s cycle hire scheme through provision of land and/or planning obligations where relevant, to ensure the provision of sufficient capacity.
C DPDs should:
a identify, promote and facilitate the completion of relevant sections of cycle routes including Cycle Superhighways, Quietways and the Central London Grid and local borough routes, in light of guidance from TfL
b identify and safeguard sites for new or expanded cycle docking stations to increase capacity of the Mayor’s cycle hire scheme in areas of high usage or operational stress
c identify and implement safe and convenient direct cycle routes to town centres, transport nodes and other key uses such as schools
d implement secure cycle parking facilities in line with the minimum standards set out in Table 6.3 or implement their own cycle parking standards to provide higher levels of provision.
6.33 The Mayor is committed to delivering a step-change in cycling provision that will support the growing numbers of cyclists in central London as well as encourage growth in cycling across all of London. The Mayor’s aim to increase the mode share for cycling to 5% across Greater London will require significant increases in particular areas and for particular trip purposes – e.g. Central, Inner and mini-Hollands, leisure trips across the capital and commuting trips to Central London.
6.34 In line with the Mayor’s Vision for Cycling in London, published in March 2013, the Mayor will work with TfL and the London boroughs to deliver a number of infrastructure projects to encourage cycling and improve the safety and amenity of London’s streets in accordance with the London Cycle Design Standards (or subsequent revisions). These projects include:
- a network of cycle route across London catering for different types of cyclists including Cycle Superhighways, Quietways and the Central London Grid. This will entail developing/altering the current network of Cycle Superhighways (see Map 6.2);
- transformation of up to four outer London boroughs into ‘Mini-Hollands’, with substantial funding concentrated in relatively small areas to achieve the greatest possible impact and make them as cycle friendly as their Dutch counterparts;
- safety improvements for cycling across the road network, including key junctions and work with the delivery and servicing sector to improve driver training and vehicle standards
- creation of cycle superhubs and cycle networks around London Underground and national rail stations, and;
- improvements to cycle parking quantity, quality and location across London.
Map 6.2 Cycle superhighways
6.34A The quality and safety of London’s street environment should be improved to make the experience of cycling more pleasant and an increasingly viable alternative to the private car. By providing safe and attractive routes that are easy to navigate people may be encouraged to cycle more, which will have health benefits for them and also help tackle climate change. The Mayor will introduce a range of road safety schemes and work with the delivery and servicing sector to improve driver training and vehicle standards, and to improve road safety of cyclists and pedestrians.
6.35 New developments should provide cycling parking and cycle changing facilities to encourage more cycling. Planning briefs and masterplans should clearly demonstrate how new developments will contribute to creating a high quality, connected environment for cyclists. They should highlight where highways are likely to require dedicated cycling infrastructure, where street environments will be safe for cyclists to share with other modes and where off-highway routes and green spaces will form part of the cycling network. Cycling issues should be addressed in detail in development proposals as part of an integrated approach to sustainable transport, health and local economy. Proposals should ensure that cycling is promoted and that the conditions for cycling are enhanced. They should also seek to take all opportunities to improve the accessibility of town centres, places of work, places of education, leisure facilities and transport nodes to residential areas.
6.35a Developments will need to address the needs of both long stay (staff, residents) and short stay (visitor) cyclists. Where it has been demonstrated that it is not practicable to locate all cycle parking within the development site, developers should liaise with neighbouring premises and the local planning authority to identify potential for, and fund appropriate off-site visitor cycle parking. In all circumstances, long stay cycle parking should normally be provided on site. Cycle parking should be designed and located in accordance with best practice set out in London Cycling Design Standards (or subsequent revisions).
6.36 The Mayor wants to enhance the conditions for cycling by improving the quality of the cycling network and improving the safety of, priority for and access to cycling. This includes reducing bicycle theft, a major deterrent to cycling. Locating cycle parking as close as possible to building entrances can encourage passive surveillance, as can lighting. The London Cycling Design Standards sets out good practice regarding the provision of cycling infrastructure, including how spaces should be made secure and sheltered from the weather. Whichever stand is chosen, it should allow for parking on either side, as this provides additional capacity. TfL intend to publish a compendium of good practice on cycle parking. Cycle hire docking stations should not be considered a substitute for cycle parking facilities.