Policy 6.1 Strategic Approach
A The Mayor will work with all relevant partners to encourage the closer integration of transport and development through the schemes and proposals shown in Table 6.1 and by:
a encouraging patterns and nodes of development that reduce the need to travel, especially by car – boroughs should use the standards set out in Table 6.2 in the Parking Addendum to this chapter to set maximum car parking standards in DPDs
b seeking to improve the capacity and accessibility of public transport, walking and cycling, particularly in areas of greatest demand – boroughs should use the standards set out in Table 6.3 in the Parking Addendum to set minimum cycle parking standards in DPDs
c supporting development that generates high levels of trips at locations with high levels of public transport accessibility and/or capacity, either currently or via committed, funded improvements including, where appropriate, those provided by developers through the use of planning obligations (See Policy 8.2).
d improving interchange between different forms of transport, particularly around major rail and Underground stations, especially where this will enhance connectivity in outer London (see Policy 2.3)
e seeking to increase the use of the Blue Ribbon Network, especially the Thames, for passenger and freight use
f facilitating the efficient distribution of freight whilst minimising its impacts on the transport network
g supporting measures that encourage shifts to more sustainable modes and appropriate demand management
h promoting greater use of low carbon technology so that carbon dioxide and other contributors to global warming are reduced
i promoting walking by ensuring an improved urban realm
j seeking to ensure that all parts of the public transport network can be used safely, easily and with dignity by all Londoners, including by securing step-free access where this is appropriate and practicable.
B The Mayor will, and boroughs should, take an approach to the management of streetspace that takes account of the different roles of roads for neighbourhoods and road users in ways that support the policies in this Plan promoting public transport and other sustainable means of transport (including policies 6.2, 6.7, 6.9 and 6.10) and a high quality public realm. Where appropriate, a corridor-based approach should be taken to ensure the needs of street users and improvements to the public realm are co-ordinated.
6.6 The Mayor recognises the need, when planning for where people will live, work, study and pursue leisure activities, to improve movement between these places in an integrated way, emphasising the quality of the public realm, and the safety and comfort of travellers. A similar approach should be taken when planning the location of businesses, taking account of the ways they receive the goods and services they need, and how conveniently they then serve their customers. For a range of policy reasons, the best option is to reduce the distances involved, in turn reducing the need for the transport system to accommodate unnecessary travel demands: this principle underlies many of the spatial proposals set out in Chapter Two (particularly, perhaps, as regards Outer London). However, this is not always possible in a complex urban environment like London’s, with its specialist clusters of economic, social, educational and leisure activities and its unique place in the wider south-east of England. Moreover even with greater locational efficiencies, consideration has to be given to providing additional transport capacity needed to support London’s growth, and to ensuring that the most is made of existing transport infrastructure by smoothing traffic flows and travel planning.
6.7 This close co-ordination of land use and transport planning is crucial to effective and sustainable spatial development and is supported by the approach taken by the Government in the NPPF. This states that planning has a key role in delivering the Government’s integrated transport strategy. Shaping the pattern of development and influencing the location, scale, density, design and mix of land uses, can help reduce the need to travel and the length of journeys, and make it safer and easier for people to access jobs, shopping, leisure facilities and services by public transport, walking, and cycling.
6.8 These approaches, individually and cumulatively, help achieve the aims of reducing the need to travel and offering alternatives to the car. Ground based transport is a major source of carbon dioxide emissions; reducing trip lengths, promoting the use of electric and other low carbon vehicles and using more-sustainable modes (cycling and walking in particular – see policies 6.9 and 6.10 below) have important roles to play in helping to tackle climate change. In May 2009 the Mayor produced an Electric Vehicle Delivery Plan for London to promote a network of publicly available electric vehicle charging points across London. The use of travel plans can help reduce emissions by promoting alternatives to the car. Ensuring the most efficient forms of transport freight and making deliveries through modern logistics techniques will also be important. The Mayor is committed to increasing the use of the Blue Ribbon Network for both passengers and freight transport. Specific policies to promote this are contained in Chapter 7.
6.9 London’s unique national and global role, and its specialism in higher value sectors of the economy, has resulted in an extended labour market catchment area. London’s projected longer-term growth in employment and population will result in an increase in overall travel – increasing from 25 million to about 30 million trips per day by 2031. The policies in this Plan and the Mayor’s Transport Strategy (and in particular the schemes and proposals shown in Table 6.1) aim to minimise this growth in travel and ensure it occurs in a sustainable way.
6.10 Future transport policies, proposals and projects should be developed and implemented in order to support the spatial priorities set out in this Plan (see Chapters One and Two). In particular to support:
- London’s world city status by maintaining and improving its links with the rest of the world, including through taking a balanced and sustainable approach to additional airport capacity in south-east England, (see Policy 6.6 below) and the development of rail and road links between London, neighbouring regions and the rest of the United Kingdom
- outer London in increasing the contribution it makes to London’s economic success, and to making the capital a better place to live, work, study or visit – in particular supporting the success of its network of diverse town centres and enhancing the contribution these make to the neighbourhoods and communities in surrounding areas (see Policy 2.8)
- the development and continued growth of inner London in ways that improve the quality of local environments and enable deprived communities to access jobs and other opportunities and facilities they need
- central London’s accessibility and environment
- the lasting legacy from the Olympic and Paralympic Games
- the development of the opportunity areas and areas for intensification identified in Chapter 2 of this Plan
- an integrated, environmentally-friendly and sustainable approach to freight and deliveries.
6.11 High quality facilities for easy interchange have a major role to play both in ensuring effective working of transport networks and in shaping the places where they are located. They can also provide new development opportunities, enabling efficient use of land in places with high levels of accessibility – and for development to help contribute to the cost of new infrastructure. Realising these benefits requires close working between transport providers, local authorities, developers and, where appropriate, the Mayor.
 Mayor of London. Electric Vehicle Delivery Strategy. GLA, 2009.
 Source London Network