Policy 5.19 Hazardous waste
A The Mayor has prepared a Hazardous Waste Report for London, working in partnership with the boroughs, the Environment Agency, industry and neighbouring authorities to identify the capacity gap for dealing with London’s hazardous waste and to provide and maintain direction on the need for hazardous waste management capacity.
B Development proposals that would result in the loss of existing sites for the treatment and/or disposal of hazardous waste should not be permitted unless compensatory hazardous waste site provision has been secured in accordance with Policy 5.17H.
C LDFs should:
a make provision for hazardous waste treatment plants to achieve, at regional level, the necessary waste management requirements
b as part of meeting waste apportionment identify suitable sites for the storage, treatment and reprocessing of relevant or a range of hazardous waste streams
c identify sites for the temporary storage, treatment and remediation of contaminated soils and demolition waste during major developments.
5.89A The 2013 report on Hazardous Waste concluded that London needs to find treatment capacity for at least 80,000 tonnes of hazardous waste currently sent to landfill, mostly to landfills in the South East and East of England. The Mayor, through the London Waste Planning Forum, will continue working with neighbouring authorities, LWARB, the Environment Agency and London waste planning authorities to monitor capacity of waste facilities (including landfills) managing London’s hazardous waste and identify opportunities for new treatment capacity in London.
5.89 In 2011 around 320,000 tonnes of hazardous waste was produced in London – including 35 per cent from construction, excavation and demolition waste (containing asbestos and contaminated soil), and 32 per cent from the Utilities sector. Changes to the definition of hazardous waste has meant more types of waste, in particular Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment (WEEE) waste, is deemed hazardous requiring separate collection and treatment from traditional mixed waste management systems. The amount of such waste produced has continued to grow in the short and medium term, and London, along with the UK generally, will need more and better hazardous waste treatment facilities to cope with this. Without sustained action there remains the risk of a major shortfall in our capacity to treat and dispose of hazardous waste safely, in line with stringent EU Directive rules. This could lead to storage problems, illegal disposal (including fly tipping) and rising public concern about health and environmental impacts. There is therefore a need to continue to identify hazardous waste capacity for London. The main requirement is for sites for regional facilities to be identified. Boroughs will need to work together and with neighbouring authorities to consider the necessary regional/local facilities when planning for their hazardous waste, now a requirement under the duty to co-operate.