Policy 3.7 Large residential developments
Strategic, planning decisions and LDF preparation
A Proposals for large residential developments including complementary non-residential uses are encouraged in areas of high public transport accessibility.
B Those on sites of over five hectares or capable of accommodating more than 500 dwellings should be progressed through an appropriately plan-led process to encourage higher densities and coordinate where necessary provision of social, environmental and other infrastructure and create neighbourhoods with a distinctive character, sense of local pride and civic identity in line with Chapter 7. The planning of these areas should take place with the engagement of local communities and other stakeholders.
3.42 Large new developments are planned to make a significant contribution to meeting housing need, and their scale means they have particular potential to define their own characteristics and accommodate higher density development in line with Policy 3.4. Guidance on densities above those outlined in Table 3.2 is set out in the Housing SPG. Large sites provide opportunities to create particularly attractive neighbourhoods with distinctive identities, a good quality public realm (Policy 7.5) and the critical mass to support social, physical and environmental infrastructure and provide employment opportunities. For these new neighbourhoods to be successful, it is essential that they become places where people choose to live and work. A co-ordinated approach to their development is essential.
3.43 Plans for these areas, which may include strategic framework documents such as SPG, site specific DPD policies and proposals for Borough level SPD as appropriate should take particular account of:
- the relationships between the pattern and scale of development and movement within the site, with adjacent areas, and connections with the wider transport network. The highest development densities and most varied mixes of uses should be located where there is the highest public transport accessibility. Planning from the outset for desire line based permeability for pedestrians and cyclists and minimising car dependence will be particularly important;
- other linkages with neighbouring areas so that the new development is designed to be firmly embedded within the wider community. This will require close coordination with service providers as well as existing community organisations (Policy 7.1);
- social infrastructure provision (see Policies 3.16, 3.17, 3.18 and 3.19) with particular attention being paid to access to health, education and other essential services, appropriately phased and coordinated with provision in neighbouring areas so that the development is attractive from the outset as well as being fully sustainable when completed, and takes account of Lifetime Neighbourhood criteria and inclusive design principles (Policies 7.1 and 7.2); and
- the opportunities large scale development provide for decentralised energy generation and provision, sustainable design and construction and coordinated neighbourhood management, especially in securing and maintaining a high quality public realm, safety measures, planting and open space and play provision.
 CLG NPPF 2012 op cit para 52