London Plan Annex 2 2x1

Annex Two: London’s town centre network

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A PDF version of the London Plan Annex Two: London’s town centre network can be found in the Related Documents section at the bottom of this page.

Introduction

A2.1  For the avoidance of doubt, this annex forms part of the London Plan and therefore of the statutory development plan.

A2.2  Policies 2.15 and 4.7 - 4.8 of the London Plan provide the strategic framework for town centre policy development and implementation. This Annex identifies the existing role and function of town centres in the network and provides a broad indication of the future growth potential of each town centre together with anticipated changes to classifications over the Plan period. The roles of town centres in the regeneration process and strategic clusters of night time economic activity are also identified.

The London Plan MALP March 2016 - Annex 2 - London's Town Centre Network.pdf

Town centre classifications

A2.3  Town centres are classified in the Plan in Table A2.1 according to their existing role and function in light of health checks taking into account criteria which include scale, mix of uses, financial performance and accessibility. In London, there are five broad types of town centre which perform different but complementary roles:

  • International centres – London’s globally renowned retail destinations with a wide range of high-order comparison and specialist shopping with excellent levels of public transport accessibility.
  • Metropolitan centres – serve wide catchments which can extend over several boroughs and into parts of the wider South East region. Typically they contain at least 100,000 sq.m of retail, leisure and service floorspace with a significant proportion of high-order comparison goods relative to convenience goods. These centres generally have very good accessibility and significant employment, service and leisure functions.
  • Major centres – typically found in inner and some parts of outer London with a borough-wide catchment. They generally contain over 50,000 sq.m of retail, leisure and service floorspace with a relatively high proportion of comparison goods relative to convenience goods. They may also have significant employment, leisure, service and civic functions.
  • District centres – distributed more widely than the Metropolitan and Major centres, providing convenience goods and services for more local communities and accessible by public transport, walking and cycling. Typically they contain 10,000–50,000 sq.m of retail, leisure and service floorspace. Some District centres have developed specialist shopping functions.
  • Neighbourhood and more local centres – typically serve a localised catchment often most accessible by walking and cycling and include local parades and small clusters of shops, mostly for convenience goods and other services. They may include a small supermarket (typically up to around 500 sq.m), sub-post office, pharmacy, laundrette and other useful local services. Together with District centres they can play a key role in addressing areas deficient in local retail and other services.

A2.4  In the Central Activities Zone (CAZ), a further classification – CAZ Frontages – refers to mixed use areas usually with a predominant retail function (see Policy 2.11). The most significant CAZ Frontages are identified in Table A2.1.

A2.5  Town centres that have specialist roles supporting strategic clusters of night time economic activities of more than local significance are also identified in Table A2.1. Principles to guide the management of these activities are set out in Policy 4.6.

Strategic guidance and future growth potential

A2.6  Table A2.1 provides strategic guidance on the broad future direction envisaged for the International, Metropolitan, Major and District centres including their possible potential for growth and regeneration (see Policy 2.15). Three broad categories of future growth potential have been identified – High, Medium and Low:

  • High growth – includes town centres likely to experience strategically significant levels of growth with strong demand and/or large scale retail, leisure or office development in the pipeline and with existing or potential public transport capacity to accommodate it (typically PTAL 5-6).
  • Medium growth – includes town centres with moderate levels of demand for retail, leisure or office floorspace and with physical and public transport capacity to accommodate it.
  • Low growth – town centres that are encouraged to pursue a policy of consolidation by making the best use of existing capacity, either due to (a) physical, environmental or public transport accessibility constraints, or (b) low demand.
  • Regeneration – this is a supplementary classification and refers to those town centres where existing capacity can be utilized to achieve regeneration objectives including physical, environmental and economic renewal.

A2.7  The potential future growth categorisations are only indicative and should be refined by boroughs in collaboration with the Mayor in light of integrated strategic and local capacity assessments and health checks as part of the preparation of LDFs. The categorisations refer to the broad potential for growth for the whole centre and not for individual sites within it. Further guidance on the application of policy will be given in Supplementary Planning Guidance. 

Managing change in the town centre network

A2.8  Policy 2.15 sets out the process for managing changes to the classifications of centres based upon evidence in town centre health checks. It will be co-ordinated strategically taking into account relationships with adjoining sub-regions and the regions outside London.

A2.9  Drawing upon the strategic policy guidelines and growth prospects (paragraph A2.6 above), Table A2.2 and Map A2.1 indicate potential future changes to the classifications of town centres in the network over the Plan period including potential new centres. These centres or locations are not for immediate re-classification and will continue to be tested to take account of changes in accessibility and the implementation of planning decisions and policy.

Table A2.1

Table A2.1 Town centre classifications and broad future directions

Ref

Centre

Borough

Classification1

Night time economy

clusters2

Policy

directions3

Office

guide-

lines4

1

West End

Westminster/Camden

International

NT1

Medium

CAZ

2

Knightsbridge

Kensington and Chelsea/

Westminster

International

NT2

Low

CAZ

3

Bromley

Bromley

Metropolitan

NT2

High

B

4

Croydon

Croydon

Metropolitan

NT2

High R

A/B

5

Ealing

Ealing

Metropolitan

NT2

Medium

A/B

6

Shepherds Bush

Hammersmith and Fulham

Metropolitan

NT2             

Medium R

A/B

potential

7

Wood Green

Haringey

Metropolitan

NT3

Medium R

 

8

Harrow

Harrow

Metropolitan

NT3

Medium

B

9

Romford

Havering

Metropolitan

NT2

Medium

B

10

Uxbridge

Hillingdon

Metropolitan

NT2

Medium

A

11

Hounslow

Hounslow

Metropolitan

NT3

Medium R

A/B

12

Kingston

Kingston upon Thames

Metropolitan

NT2

High

B

13

Stratford

Newham

Metropolitan

NT3

High R

A

14

Ilford

Redbridge

Metropolitan

NT2

Medium

B

15

Sutton

Sutton

Metropolitan

NT2

Medium

B

16

Barking

Barking and Dagenham

Major

NT3

Medium R

B

17

Edgware

Barnet

Major

 

Medium

B

18

Bexleyheath

Bexley

Major

NT2

Medium

B

19

Wembley

Brent

Major

 

High R

B

20

Kilburn

Brent/Camden

Major

NT3

Medium R

 

21

Orpington

Bromley

Major

 

Medium R

 

22

Camden Town

Camden

Major

NT2

Medium

 

23

Southall

Ealing

Major

NT3

Medium R

B

24

Enfield Town

Enfield

Major

 

Medium

B

25

Eltham

Greenwich

Major

 

Medium

 

26

Woolwich

Greenwich

Major

NT3

High R

 

27

Dalston

Hackney

Major

NT3

Medium R

B

28

Fulham

Hammersmith and Fulham

Major

NT2

Medium R

B

29

Hammersmith

Hammersmith and Fulham

Major

NT2

Medium R

A/B

30

Chiswick

Hounslow

Major

NT2

Medium

A

31

Angel

Islington

Major

NT2

Medium

B

32

Nags Head

Islington

Major

NT3

Medium R

 

33

Kensington

High Street

Kensington and Chelsea

Major

NT2

Medium

B

34

King’s Road (east)

Kensington and Chelsea

Major

NT2

Low 

B

35

Brixton

Lambeth

Major

NT2

Medium R

 

36

Streatham

Lambeth

Major

NT3

Medium R

 

37

Catford

Lewisham

Major

 

Medium R

 

38

Lewisham

Lewisham

Major

NT3

High

B

39

Wimbledon

Merton

Major

NT2

Medium

A

40

East Ham

Newham

Major

 

Medium R

 

41

Richmond

Richmond upon Thames

Major

NT2

Low

A

42

Peckham

Southwark

Major

NT3

Medium R

 

43

Canary Wharf

Tower Hamlets

Major

NT2

High

A

44

Walthamstow

Waltham Forest

Major

NT3

Medium

 

45

Clapham Junction

Wandsworth

Major

NT2

Medium

B

46

Putney

Wandsworth

Major

NT2

Medium

B

47

Tooting

Wandsworth

Major

NT3

Medium

 

48

Wandsworth

Wandsworth

Major

 

Medium R

 

49

Queensway/

Westbourne Grove

Westminster/

Kensington and Chelsea

Major

NT2

Low

B

50

Chadwell Heath

Barking and Dagenham/

Redbridge

District

 

Medium

 

51

Dagenham and

Heathway

Barking and Dagenham

District

 

Medium R

 

52

Green Lane

Barking and Dagenham/

Redbridge

District

 

Medium

 

53

Brent Street

Barnet

District

 

Medium

 

54

Chipping Barnet

Barnet

District

 

Medium

B

55

Church End,

Finchley 

Barnet

District

 

Medium

B

56

East Finchley

Barnet

District

 

Medium

 

57

Golders Green

Barnet

District

 

Medium

 

58

Hendon Central

Barnet

District

 

Medium

 

59

Mill Hill

Barnet

District

 

Medium

 

60

New Barnet

Barnet

District

 

Medium

 

61

North Finchley

Barnet

District

 

Medium

B

62

Temple Fortune

Barnet

District

 

Medium

 

63

Whetstone

Barnet

District

NT3

Medium

B

64

Colindale/The Hyde

Barnet/Brent

District

 

Medium

 

65

Cricklewood (see also Brent Cross, Table A2.2)

Barnet/Brent/Camden

District

NT3

High R

A/B –

monitor

66

Burnt Oak

Barnet/Brent/Harrow

District

 

Medium

 

67

Crayford

Bexley

District

 

Medium R

 

68

Erith

Bexley

District

 

Medium R

 

69

Sidcup

Bexley

District

 

Medium

 

70

Welling

Bexley

District

 

Medium

 

71

Ealing Road

Brent

District*

 

Medium R

 

72

Harlesden

Brent

District

 

Medium R

 

73

Neasden

Brent

District

 

Medium R

 

74

Preston Road

Brent

District

 

Medium R

 

75

Wembley Park

Brent

District

 

Medium

 

76

Willesden Green

Brent

District

 

Medium

 

77

Kingsbury

Brent/Harrow

District

 

Medium

 

78

Beckenham

Bromley

District

NT3

Medium

 

79

Penge

Bromley

District

 

Medium

 

80

Petts Wood

Bromley

District

 

Medium

 

81

West Wickham

Bromley

District

 

Medium

 

82

Hampstead

Camden

District

NT3

Medium

 

83

Kentish Town

Camden

District

NT3

Medium R

B

84

Swiss Cottage/

Finchley Road

Camden

District

NT2

Medium

 

85

West Hampstead

Camden

District

 

Medium

 

86

Addiscombe

Croydon

District

 

Low

 

87

Coulsdon

Croydon

District

 

Medium

 

88

New Addington

Croydon

District

 

Medium R

 

89

Norbury

Croydon

District

 

Medium

 

90

Purley

Croydon

District

 

Medium

 

91

Selsdon

Croydon

District

 

Medium

 

92

South Norwood

Croydon

District

 

Medium

 

93

Thornton Heath

Croydon

District

 

Medium

 

94

Upper Norwood/

Crystal Palace

Croydon/Lambeth/

Bromley

District

 

Medium

 

95

Acton

Ealing

District

NT3

Medium R

 

96

Greenford

Ealing

District

 

Medium

 

97

Hanwell

Ealing

District

 

Medium

 

98

Angel Edmonton

Enfield

District

 

Medium R

 

99

Edmonton Green

Enfield

District

 

Medium R

 

100

Palmers Green

Enfield

District

 

Medium

 

101

Southgate

Enfield

District

 

Medium

B

102

Greenwich West

Greenwich

District

NT3

Medium

 

103

Plumstead

Greenwich

District*

 

Medium R

 

104

Thamesmead

Greenwich

District

 

Medium R

 

105

East Greenwich

Greenwich

District

 

Medium

 

106

Mare Street

Hackney

District

NT3

Medium R

B

107

Stoke Newington

Hackney

District

NT3

Medium R

 

108

Bruce Grove/

Tottenham High

Road   

Haringey

District

 

Medium R

 

109

Crouch End

Haringey

District

NT3

Medium

 

110

Green Lanes

Haringey

District

NT3

Medium R

 

111

Muswell Hill

Haringey

District

NT3

Medium

 

112

West Green Road/

Seven Sisters

Haringey

District*

 

Medium R

 

113

North Harrow

Harrow

District*

 

Medium

 

114

Pinner

Harrow

District

 

Medium

 

115

Rayners Lane

Harrow

District

 

Medium

 

116

South Harrow

Harrow

District

 

Medium

 

117

Stanmore

Harrow

District

 

Medium

B

118

Wealdstone

Harrow

District

NT3

Medium

B

119

Kenton

Harrow/Brent

District

 

Medium

 

120

Collier Row

Havering

District

 

Medium

 

121

Elm Park

Havering

District*

 

Medium

 

122

Harold Hill

Havering

District*

 

Medium

 

123

Hornchurch

Havering

District

 

Medium

 

124

Rainham

Havering

District*

 

Medium

 

125

Upminster

Havering

District

 

Medium

 

126

Eastcote

Hillingdon

District

 

Medium

 

127

Hayes

Hillingdon

District

 

Medium

 

128

Northwood

Hillingdon

District

 

Medium

 

129

Ruislip

Hillingdon

District

 

Medium

 

130

Yiewsley/

West Drayton

Hillingdon

District

 

Medium

 

131

Brentford

Hounslow

District

 

Medium

A/B

132

Feltham High Street

Hounslow

District

 

Medium

B

133

Archway

Islington

District

 

Medium R

 

134

Finsbury Park

Islington/ Hackney/

Haringey

District

 

Medium R

 

135

Earls Court Road

Kensington and Chelsea

District

NT3

Medium

 

136

Fulham Road (east)

Kensington and Chelsea

District

 

Medium

 

137

Fulham Road (west)

Kensington and Chelsea

District

NT2

Medium

 

138

King’s Road (west)

Kensington and Chelsea

District

NT2

Low

 

139

Notting Hill Gate

Kensington and Chelsea

District

NT3

Medium

B

140

Portobello Road

Kensington and Chelsea

District

NT3

Medium

 

141

South Kensington

Kensington and Chelsea

District

NT3

Medium

 

142

New Malden

Kingston upon Thames

District

 

Medium

 

143

Surbiton

Kingston upon Thames

District

 

Medium

B

144

Tolworth

Kingston upon Thames

District

 

Medium

 

145

Clapham High Street

Lambeth

District

NT2

Medium R

 

146

Stockwell

Lambeth

District*

 

Medium R

 

147

West Norwood/

Tulse Hill

Lambeth

District

 

Medium R

 

148

Lavender Hill/

Queenstown Road

Lambeth/

Wandsworth

District

 

Medium

 

149

Blackheath

Lewisham

District

NT3

Low

 

150

Deptford

Lewisham

District

NT3

Medium R

 

151

Downham

Lewisham

District*

 

Medium R

 

152

Forest Hill

Lewisham

District

 

Medium

 

153

Lee Green

Lewisham

District*

 

Medium

 

154

New Cross

Lewisham

District

NT3

Medium R

 

155

Sydenham

Lewisham

District

 

Medium

 

156

Mitcham

Merton

District

 

Medium

 

157

Morden

Merton

District

 

Medium

 

158

Canning Town

Newham

District

 

Medium R

 

159

East Beckton

Newham

District

 

Medium R

 

160

Forest Gate

Newham

District

 

Medium R

 

161

Green Street/

Upton Park

Newham

District

 

Medium R

 

162

Barkingside

Redbridge

District

 

Medium

 

163

Gants Hill

Redbridge

District

NT3

Medium

 

164

South Woodford

Redbridge

District

 

Medium

 

165

Wanstead

Redbridge

District

 

Medium

 

166

East Sheen     

Richmond uponThames

District

 

Medium

 

167

Teddington     

Richmond upon Thames

District

 

Medium

 

168

Twickenham   

Richmond upon Thames

District

NT3

Medium

A

169

Whitton         

Richmond upon Thames

District

 

Medium

 

170

Dulwich - Lordship Lane

Southwark

District

NT3

Medium

 

171

Elephant and Castle

Southwark

District

NT3

High R

B

172

Canada Water

Southwark

District

 

High R

B

173

Walworth Road

Southwark

District

 

Medium R

 

174

Camberwell

Southwark/Lambeth

District

NT3

Medium R

 

175

Carshalton Village

Sutton

District*

 

Medium

 

176

Cheam Village

Sutton

District

 

Medium

 

177

North Cheam

Sutton

District

 

Medium

 

178

Rosehill

Sutton

District

 

Medium

 

179

Wallington

Sutton

District

 

Medium

 

180

Worcester Park

Sutton

District

 

Medium

 

181

Bethnal Green

Tower Hamlets

District

NT3

Medium R

 

182

Brick Lane

Tower Hamlets

District

NT3

Medium R

 

183

Chrisp Street

Tower Hamlets

District

 

Medium R

 

184

Roman Road (east)

Tower Hamlets

District

 

Medium R

 

185

Roman Road (west)

Tower Hamlets

District*

 

Medium R

 

186

Watney Market

Tower Hamlets

District

 

Medium R

 

187

Whitechapel

Tower Hamlets

District

 

High R

 

188

Bakers Arms

Waltham Forest

District

 

Medium

 

189

Highams Park

Waltham Forest

District

 

Medium

 

190

Leyton

Waltham Forest

District

 

Medium R

 

191

Leytonstone

Waltham Forest

District

 

Medium R

 

192

North Chingford

Waltham Forest

District

 

Medium

 

193

South Chingford

Waltham Forest

District

 

Medium

 

194

Wood Street

Waltham Forest

District

 

Medium

 

195

Balham

Wandsworth

District

NT3

Medium

 

196

Earlsfield

Wandsworth

District

 

Medium

 

197

Edgware Road/

Church Street

Westminster

District

NT3

Medium R

 

198

Harrow Road

Westminster

District

 

Medium R

 

199

Praed Street/

Paddington

Westminster

District

NT3

Medium

 

200

St John’s Wood

Westminster

District

NT3

Medium

 

201

Euston Road (part)

Camden

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium R

CAZ

202

High Holborn/

Kingsway

Camden

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium R

CAZ

203

Kings Cross/

St Pancras 

Camden

CAZ Frontage

 

High R

CAZ

204

Tottenham Court

Road (part)

Camden

CAZ Frontage

NT1 (part)

Medium

CAZ

205

Cheapside

City of London

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium

CAZ

206

Fleet Street

City of London

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium

CAZ

207

Leadenhall Market

City of London

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium

CAZ

208

Liverpool Street

City of London

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium

CAZ

209

Moorgate

City of London

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium

CAZ

210

Lower Marsh/

The Cut

Lambeth

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium R

CAZ

211

Borough High Street

Southwark

CAZ Frontage

NT3

Medium

CAZ

212

London Bridge

Southwark

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium

CAZ

213

Wentworth Street

Tower Hamlets

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium R

CAZ

214

Baker Street (part)

Westminster

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium

CAZ

215

Covent Garden/

Strand

Westminster

CAZ Frontage

NT1/2

Low

CAZ

216

Edgware Road South

Westminster

CAZ Frontage

NT3

Medium

CAZ

217

Marylebone High

Street

Westminster

CAZ Frontage

NT3

Medium

CAZ

218

Marylebone Road

Westminster

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium

CAZ

219

Victoria Street

Westminster

CAZ Frontage

NT2

High

CAZ

220

Warwick Way/

Tachbrook Street

Westminster

CAZ Frontage

 

Medium

CAZ

221

Charing Cross

Road (part)      

Westminster/Camden

CAZ Frontage

 

NT1 (part)

Medium

CAZ

Map A2.1 Potential future changes to the town centre network over the Plan period

Map A2.1 Potential future changes to the town centre network over the Plan period

Notes

  1. Classifications are described in paragraph A2.3 and illustrated in Map 2.6. Centres marked * in Table A2.1 indicates classification is subject to monitoring.
  2. NT1 = International; NT2 = Regional/sub-regional; NT3 = More than local significance.
  3. Policy directions (high/medium/low) are explained in paragraph A2.6. ‘R’ indicates centres in need of regeneration.
  4. Office guidelines (see Policy 4.2) provide a broad indication of the approach to office development based upon research in the London Office Policy Review 2012, distinguishing between centres where: 

A  speculative office development could be promoted on the most efficient and accessible sites in the context of wider schemes to enhance the environment and offer of the centre as a commercial location. This might entail some long-term net loss of overall office stock through change of use of provision on less attractive sites.
B  some office provision could be promoted as part of wider residential or residential and retail/leisure mixed use development. This would be likely to entail long- term net loss of overall office stock, partial renewal on the more commercially attractive sites and managed change of use of provision on less attractive sites.
CAZ    locations lying within the Central Activities Zone – see Policies 2.11, 4.2 and 4.3.

 

 

Table A2.2

Table A2.2 Potential future changes to the town centre network over the Plan period

 

Centre

 

Borough

 

Classification

 

Potential future

change to classification over the Plan period*

 

Stratford

 

Newham

 

Metropolitan

 

International

 

Shepherd’s Bush

 

Hammersmith and Fulham

 

Metropolitan

 

International

 

Woolwich

 

Greenwich

 

Major

 

Metropolitan

Canary Wharf

Tower Hamlets

Major

Metropolitan

 

Brent Cross

 

Barnet

 

Regional shopping centre

 

Metropolitan

 

Elephant and Castle

/ Walworth Road

 

Southwark

 

District

 

Major

 

Canada Water

 

Southwark

 

District

 

Major

 

North Greenwich

 

Greenwich

 

Unclassified

 

District

 

Tottenham Hale

 

Haringey

 

Unclassified

 

District

 

Colliers Wood

 

Merton

 

Unclassified

 

District

 

Hackbridge

 

Sutton

 

Unclassified

 

District

 

Bromley by Bow

 

Tower Hamlets

 

Unclassified

 

District

 

Crossharbour

 

Tower Hamlets

 

Unclassified

 

District

 

Battersea

 

Wandsworth

 

Unclassified

 

CAZ Frontage

 

Vauxhall

 

Lambeth/Wandsworth

 

Unclassified

 

CAZ Frontage

* Re-classifications are subject to capacity analysis, impact assessments, land use and accessibility, planning approvals, town centre health checks and full implementation.