Non-confidential facts and advice to the Deputy Mayor for Policing and Crime (DMPC)
1. Introduction and background
1.1 In line with best practice in financial management, MOPAC undertakes in-depth quarterly budget monitoring processes to track the MPS and MOPAC financial performance against the approved MOPAC budget. This monitoring looks at both capital and revenue budgets, the use of reserves and the achievement of planned efficient savings.
1.2 The MOPAC financial year 19/20 ended on 31 March 2020 and this report sets out the final performance position as at Quarter 4 and is the basis on which the annual statutory accounts are prepared.
1.3 In line with the Scheme of Delegation and Consent the DMPC is responsible for the approval of all MOPAC budget movements and virements in excess of £500,000 and for all transfers to and from reserves.
1.4 This decision seeks approval for the final Quarter 4 budget movements and the year end transfer to reserves.
2. Revenue outturn
2.1. The final revenue outturn position is a balanced budget position after a transfer of £207.5m to reserves, breakdown in Appendix 5. This represents an additional £14.1m transfer to reserves at the end of the financial year from the Quarter 4 budget position of £193.4m.
2.2. The detail of the revenue outturn, variances against budget and achievement of planned savings are reported as part of the Quarterly Monitoring Report and the Quarter 4 report will be published by the end of June 2020. A summary of the MOPAC outturn position can be found at Appendix 3.
2.3. The key variances to be noted for the revenue outturn are as follows:
2.3.1. Expenditure (net underspend of £4.5m)
• Police Officer pay and overtime – overspend of £26.8m
• Staff pay and overtime – overspend of £2.9m
• Running expenses – underspend of £34.2m
2.3.2. Income (net over achievement of £9.5m)
• Income – over achievement of £9.5m
2.4. The overspend on police officer pay is largely as a result of policing special and unplanned events as well as taking action to bear down on violence and crime in London.
2.5. The running expenses underspend is predominantly due to carry forward requests but also as a result of strong financial management to offset the Special Grants income risk.
3. Carry Forwards
3.1. In line with the Financial Regulations requests to carry forward any unspent budget are permitted but, in line with the Scheme of Delegation and Consent, must be approved by the DMPC.
3.2. Total carry forward requests for approval for 19/20 amount to £25.32 m and are included within Appendix 1.
• Transfers to reserves of £15.1 m in relation to the MPS
• Approval of £10.22m carry forwards for MOPAC
3.3. The request to carry forward budget is predominantly where budget has been set aside for a particular purpose but the related activity will not now be incurred until the following financial year.
3.4. There are a number of different activities for the MPS which are detailed in the appendix but for MOPAC the carry forwards relate to commissioning projects and programmes which, by their nature, are often delivered over more than one financial year.
4. Revenue Reserves
4.1. The MOPAC revenue reserves increased from £230.6m at 1 April 2019 to £438m at 31 March 2020.
4.2. These total reserves can be broken down between Earmarked Reserves (set aside for specific purposes and activity and the General Reserve (held as a contingency for unexpected pressures and demands).
4.3. Earmarked reserves have increased by £190.4m to £374.4m, of which £118.6m relates to the business rates funding of the 1,000 police officers and £29.72m relates to the carry forward requests.
4.4. The General Reserve has increased from £46.6m at 1 April 2019 to £63.6m at the end of March 2020 and this increase of £17m has arisen as a result of MOPAC releasing some reserves which were previously earmarked for specific activities. The General Reserve balance represents 2.3% of the outturn Net Revenue Expenditure (NRE).
4.5. MOPAC is required by law to publish a Reserves Strategy and the latest published version indicated the General Reserves should be maintained at a level of not higher than 5% of NRE. The year end balance of £63.6m is therefore within the current Reserves Strategy.
4.6. Approval is now sought for the final year-end transfers to and from reserves which can be found at Appendix 4.
5.1. Whilst all MOPAC assets owned are held within MOPAC, the capital programme is undertaken by the MPS. A summary of the capital outturn position is below:
Table 1: MOPAC Capital Outturn 19/20
|Capital Programme||Original Budget (£m)||Revised Budget (£m)||Actual (£m)||Variance (£m)|
|Total Capital Expenditure||388||274.3||249.6||-24.7|
5.2. The underspends on the capital programme are largely due to programme slippage which will be addressed in 2020/21.
6. Quarter 4 Budget Movements
6.1 The final Quarter 4 budget movements from the Quarter 3 position are attached at Appendix 2 and the DMPC is asked to approve these final movements for 2019/20.
7. Financial Comments
7.1. The this is a financial report the financial implications are contained within the body of the report.
8. Legal Comments
8.1. MOPAC’s general powers are set out in the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (the 2011 Act). Section 3(6) of the 2011 Act provides that MOPAC must “secure the maintenance of the metropolitan police service and secure that the metropolitan police service is efficient and effective.” Under Schedule 3, paragraph 7 MOPAC has wide incidental powers to “do anything which is calculated to facilitate, or is conducive or incidental to, the exercise of the functions of the Office.” Paragraph 7(2) (a) provides that this includes entering into contracts and other agreements.
8.2. Section 143 (1) (b) of the Anti-Social Behaviour Crime and Policing Act 2014 provides an express power for MOPAC, as a local policing body, to provide or commission services “intended by the local policing body to help victims or witnesses of, or other persons affected by, offences and anti-social behaviour.” Section 143(3) specifically allows MOPAC to make grants in connection with such arrangements and any grant may be made subject to any conditions that MOPAC thinks appropriate.
8.3. The powers in section 143 were given to MOPAC following the Government’s response to the consultation Getting it Right for Victims and Witnesses (2 July 2012) in which it set out a package of reforms to the way in which support services for victims of crime are to be provided.
8.4. The recommendations in this decision are in line with the legislation.
8.5. MOPAC/MPS as statutory bodies must only budget for activities that fall within its statutory powers. Under the Scheme of Delegation and Consent the DMPC must approve any budget movement for £500,000 or above. Under Financial Regulations all decisions in relation to the transfer in and out of reserves will be made by the DMPC.
9. GDPR and Data Privacy
9.1. GDPR matters have been discussed with the Data Protection Officer, who has confirmed that no Data Protection Impact Assessment (DPIA) is required for this area of spend. However, the personal details of any individuals or organisations with whom contact is made for the purposes of the engagement will be managed in accordance with MOPAC’s wider Privacy Notice.
10. Equality Comments
10.1. MOPAC is required to comply with the public sector equality duty set out in section 149(1) of the Equality Act 2010. This requires MOPAC to have due regard to the need to eliminate discrimination, advance equality of opportunity and foster good relations by reference to people with protected characteristics. The protected characteristics are: age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex and sexual orientation.
10.2. There are no equality and diversity implications arising from this report.
11. Background/supporting papers
Appendix 1 - Breakdown of MOPAC Carry Forwards into 20/21
Appendix 2 – Quarter 4 budget movements
Appendix 3 – MOPAC Revenue outturn position
Appendix 4 – MOPAC Transfers to/(from) reserves
Appendix 5 - Breakdown of in year reserve movements
MOPAC Q4 Report 2019 -20