FAQs: T-Charge and the ULEZ
As the T-Charge is a surcharge of the Congestion Charge, most exemptions remain the same. However, motorcycles will be included in the new Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) which will replace the T-Charge in 2019, and will include all vehicles (cars, motorcycles, vans, minibuses, buses, coaches and lorries). All will need to meet exhaust emission standards or pay a daily charge to travel.
As the T-Charge is a surcharge of the Congestion Charge, all exemptions remain the same.
However, buses that are exempt from the Congestion Charge because of their tax class are not exempt from the T-Charge. If your vehicle does not meet the emissions standards you will need to pay the T-Charge value (£10) to drive in the zone.
Additional exemptions include:
- Showman’s vehicles (excluding trailers or semi-trailers)
- Vehicles not constructed or adapted for general use on roads
- Vehicles with “Historic” DVLA Tax Class
- Vehicles manufactured before 1 January 1973
- Visiting forces vehicles
- Embassy vehicles
Find out more from Transport for London (TfL).
The poorest Londoners are often subjected to the worst air quality so it is fair that the Mayor takes the difficult decisions needed to tackle this public health crisis.
The Mayor has recently announced a £23 million scheme to help smaller business owners scrap older, more polluting vans and switch to cleaner vehicles. He is currently lobbying central Government to match this funding and go further to introduce a national diesel scrappage fund that would enable further support for other Londoners, including those on low incomes, taxis and charity vehicles.
The T-Charge is intended not to raise revenue but to improve air quality and to change behaviour. The Mayor says he wants those who drive the most polluting cars to move away from those cars, and that any revenue that is raised will be ring-fenced for initiatives to improve air quality.
The Euro standards are a set of limits for air quality emissions. These emissions are controlled by a variety of methods such as:
- catalytic convertors
- lean NOx traps
- particulate filters
Greenhouse gas emissions are directly influenced by fuel consumption.
This means that a heavier, larger vehicle which may have a higher fuel consumption will still have lower levels of air quality emissions than an older, smaller car. They all have to meet the same limits for air quality.
Reducing concentrations within the zone will mean that the number of people exposed to high pollution levels will reduce across London, and in many areas fewer people will be exposed to pollution levels above the legal limit values.
As a result, the general population and sensitive groups like children, the elderly and those with underlying conditions will benefit from better air quality earlier.
The Central London ULEZ starts 8 April 2019. It will operate in the existing central London Congestion Charge Zone, 24 hours a day, every day of the year.
Vehicles must meet strict emission standards to drive in the ULEZ area, or pay a charge.
The emissions standards are:
- Euro 4 for petrol cars and vans (roughly more than 14 years old in 2019)
- Euro 6 for diesel cars and vans (roughly more than four years old in 2019)
- Euro 3 for motorcycles and mopeds
- Euro VI for lorries, buses and coaches
The charges are:
- £12.50 per day for cars, motorcycles and mopeds, and vans
- £100 per day for lorries, buses/coaches
It replaces the Toxicity Charge (T-Charge) in central London, and is in addition to the Congestion Charge. There are some exemptions and a grace period for residents.
All revenue raised will be used by TfL to help clean-up and maintain a greener transport fleet and reduce pollution across the transport network.
For more information about the ULEZ and to check whether your vehicle meets the emission standards, please visit TfL's website.