Fatigue management on trams

MQT on 2019-05-16
Session date: 
May 16, 2019
Question By: 
Caroline Pidgeon
Liberal Democrats
Asked Of: 
The Mayor


The First Group fatigue management timeline you provided in your response to Question 2019/4044 does not reflect any actions taken by First Group Tram Operations Limited or TfL to overhaul First Group's fatigue management system from the date of the Croydon Tram Crash (09 November 2016) to TfL's publication of its "confidential and restricted" Fatigue Audit on 15 September 2017.  What action, if any, did TfL and First Group TOL take to overhaul Croydon Tram's fatigue management system before a Croydon tram driver was filmed asleep at the controls in May 2017 and this incident was reported by a member of the public?  


Answer for Fatigue management on trams
Fatigue management on trams

Fatigue management on trams

Answered By: 
The Mayor

Following the Sandilands incident, Tram Operations Limited reviewed their Safety Management System, elements of which include Fitness for Duty Policy and Fatigue Risk Management arrangements governing maximum working hours for safety critical staff (in this case tram drivers and line controllers); allocation of staff to duties; and processes used to proactively check and where appropriate amend work to control fatigue risk in line with established good practice adopted from heavy rail.

In February 2017, following the publication of the second interim RAIB report, Transport for London commenced the work which led to the installation of the in-cab driver protection device to all trams, which has been in service since October 2017.  The Driver Protection Device (Guardian, manufactured by Seeing Machines) detects and prevents fatigue and distraction. The system uses advanced, safety-verified sensors that track eyelid closures and head movements so that when fatigue or distraction is detected an in-cab alarm is sounded and the driver’s seat vibrates to alert the driver. This is the first time such a device has been used in the rail industry in the UK and has been commended by the ORR. This system has been shared and demonstrated to the UK Tram industry for possible implementation on other tram networks.