Human Trafficking and Kidnap Unit (4)

Meeting: 
MQT on 2015-11-18
Session date: 
November 18, 2015
Reference: 
2015/3616
Question By: 
Caroline Pidgeon
Organisation: 
Liberal Democrats
Asked Of: 
The Mayor
Category: 

Question

How many cases of human trafficking were identified by MPS Borough Operational Command Units across London in 2014/15, broken down by (a) labour exploitation (b) sexual exploitation (c) domestic servitude (d) forced criminality (e) other?

Answer

Answer for Human Trafficking and Kidnap Unit (4)

Answer for Human Trafficking and Kidnap Unit (4)

Answered By: 
The Mayor

The table below shows the number of classified incidents of human trafficking/exploitation investigated by Borough Operational Command Units (BOCUs) and Specialist Units across the MPS between 1st April 2014 and 31st March 2015.

Offence Group

Borough OCU's

Specialist Units

Total

Kidnapping-Forced Marriages

10

10

20

Exploitation of Prostitution

29

2

31

Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation

40

17

57

Modern slavery

42

37

79

Total

121

66

187

There is no defined list of offences in the Home Office Counting Rules that is described as 'Human Trafficking' but there is a smaller subset classified as 'Modern Slavery'.

The definition of Modern Slavery includes the following offences under the Modern Slavery Act 2015:

o       Hold person in slavery or servitude.

o       Require person to perform forced or compulsory labour.

o       UK national arrange or facilitate the travel of another person with a view to exploitation.

o       Commit Offence other than kidnapping or false imprisonment with intention of arranging travel with intention of arranging travel with view to exploitation.

 

Modern Slavery covers a range of complex issues that are often hard to detect but professionals (including the police, social workers, immigration and relevant support organisations) are continuing to work together to identify and safeguard potential victims in line with the UK's legal framework.