ULEZ costs

MQT on 2014-11-19
Session date: 
November 19, 2014
Question By: 
Jenny Jones
City Hall Greens
Asked Of: 
The Mayor


Can you give me an indication of the estimated set-up costs of including an entire borough like Islington or Southwark in the Ultra Low Emission Zone in 2020?


Answer for ULEZ costs

Answer for ULEZ costs

Answered By: 
The Mayor

The Congestion Charging Zone area has been chosen as the initial boundary for the ULEZ because it covers central London, where concentrations of NO2 remain highest and where there are high levels of human exposure to air pollution (both residents and visitors alike). The boundary is already well understood by the public and there are significant set up and operating efficiencies gained from using the existing infrastructure (such as cameras) to operate the ULEZ.

The cost of including entire boroughs such as Islington or Southwark has not been estimated.  However, depending on the scheme being considered, the requirement for a new and extensive enforcement network and further upgrades to TfL buses could put the cost in the order of hundreds of millions. There would also be an associated increase in social and economic effects (such as the upgrade costs for the public and businesses in the wider area), which would need to be carefully evaluated before such as scheme is put forward.

However, it should be noted that the current ULEZ proposal for hybrid double-deck TfL buses in central London would see benefits outside the ULEZ area, as these buses will not just operate in central London. Similar benefits will also be gained by most other private and commercial vehicles which are upgraded to comply with the ULEZ as most journeys do not just start and end in the central area. Likewise, the proposed changes to the licensing requirements for taxi and private hire vehicles apply Londonwide. The ULEZ will lead to a significant reduction in the number of people living in areas of poor air quality (where levels of NO2 exceed legal limits) - by 74 per cent in central London, 51 per cent in inner London and 43 per cent in outer London.