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Industrial Land reports

The London Plan adopts a rigorous approach to ensure that enough development capacity is available to meet the future needs of different types of industrial and related uses in different parts of London and that surplus land is put into more effective use, especially for housing.

In September 2012 Supplementary Planning Guidance on Land for Industry and Transport was published.

Research by the GLA to support the London Plan and its associated SPG include:  

  • Industrial Land Demand and Release Benchmarks (2011)
  • London Industrial Land Baseline (2010)
  • London Wholesale Markets Review (2007)
  • Industrial Land Release Benchmarks (2007)

The views expressed in these reports are those of the consultants and do not necessarily represent those of the Greater London Authority.

Industrial Land Demand and Release Benchmarks (December 2011)

This study updates the 2007 assessment of industrial land demand and release benchmarks for the management of industrial land across London taking into account London Plan employment projections for industrial uses, land demand for logistics and waste management the most recent supply data from the 2010 London Industrial Land Baseline.

The study recommends a new monitoring benchmark of 733 hectares of industrial land release in London over the period 2012-2031 or 37 ha per annum.

Download the report in the following formats:

London Industrial Land Baseline (November 2010)

This research provides a robust baseline for monitoring industrial land supply in all boroughs across London. The study is based upon field survey work and Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping.

It estimates that in 2010, London had 7,433 hectares of land in industrial and related uses (such as logistics, utilities, waste management and transport) a reduction of around 349 hectares since 2006. Land within Strategic and Local industrial areas is quantified in the report along with estimates of vacant industrial land.

The report also estimates the total number of businesses occupying industrial land in London and associated employment.

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London Wholesale Markets Review (June 2007)

London's five wholesale markets at New Covent Garden, New Spitalfields, Western International, Smithfield and Billingsgate have experienced changes to their historic roles with increasing competition from supermarkets and more efficient distribution systems.

This has, however, partly been offset by the increase of eating out creating demand for goods from the markets. Together with changing sources of demand, technology and logistics, a thorough understanding of the changing roles of the markets is an important element of the overall changes in demand for industrial land in London.

The London Wholesale Markets Review:

  • Tests the scale and nature of likely future demand;
  • Tests the optimum distribution of wholesaling capacity in terms of overall London Plan objectives;
  • Tests these options against factors and strategic and local objectives;
  • Provides recommendations to secure an efficient food wholesaling function, ensure sites are used effectively and contribute to strategic objectives and that related transport logistics are carried out sustainably

Download the report in the following formats:

Industrial Land Release Benchmarks (April 2007)

This study (now updated by the 2011 Industrial Land Demand and Release Benchmarks Study) informed discussion at the Examination in Public into the draft Replacement London Plan.

Download the report in the following formats:

Industrial and Warehousing Land Demand in London (August 2004)

Industrial and Warehousing Land Demand in London (PDF, 824kb)